Mouse models of gallstone disease

Tony Y. Wang, Piero Portincasa, Min Liu, Patrick Tso, David Q.H. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of review The establishment of mouse models of gallstones, and the contribution of mouse models to genetic studies of gallstone disease, as well as the latest advances in the pathophysiology of gallstones from mouse experiments are summarized. Recent findings The combined uses of genomic strategies and phenotypic studies in mice have successfully led to the identification of many Lith genes, which pave the way for the discovery of human LITH genes. The physical-chemical, genetic, and molecular biological studies of gallstone disease in mice with knockout or transgene of specific target genes have provided many novel insights into the complex pathophysiological mechanisms of this very common hepatobiliary disease worldwide, showing that interactions of five primary defects play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cholesterol gallstones. Based on mouse studies, a new concept has been proposed that hepatic hypersecretion of biliary cholesterol is induced by multiple Lith genes, with insulin resistance as part of the metabolic syndrome interacting with cholelithogenic environmental factors to cause the phenotype. Summary The mouse model of gallstones is crucial for elucidating the physical-chemical and genetic mechanisms of cholesterol crystallization and gallstone formation, which greatly increase our understanding of the pathogenesis of this disease in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-70
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Opinion in Gastroenterology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018

Fingerprint

Gallstones
Cholesterol
Genes
Genetic Models
Crystallization
Transgenes
Knockout Mice
Insulin Resistance
Molecular Biology
Phenotype
Liver

Keywords

  • bile acid
  • cholesterol crystallization
  • gallbladder motility
  • insulin resistance
  • lith genes
  • lithogenic bile
  • nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Mouse models of gallstone disease. / Wang, Tony Y.; Portincasa, Piero; Liu, Min; Tso, Patrick; Wang, David Q.H.

In: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology, Vol. 34, No. 2, 01.03.2018, p. 59-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Wang, Tony Y. ; Portincasa, Piero ; Liu, Min ; Tso, Patrick ; Wang, David Q.H. / Mouse models of gallstone disease. In: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology. 2018 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 59-70.
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