Mortality of Adults with Developmental Disabilities Living in California Institutions and Community Care, 1985-1994

David Strauss, Theodore A. Kastner, Robert Shavelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations


We compared risk factor-adjusted mortality for California adults with developmental disabilities based on 22,576 adults receiving services in California, 1985-1994. Mortality rates were adjusted for factors such as age and level of functioning. Risk factor-adjusted mortality was 72% higher in community care than in institutions. The mortality pattern over the years 1993-1994, which had not previously been studied, was comparable to that of 1985-1992. The substantially increased risk in community care suggests that community settings may be less effective in preventing mortality in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-371
Number of pages12
JournalMental retardation
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)

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