BACKGROUND: Published studies report inappropriately low hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) values that underestimate glycemia in HIV patients.
METHODS: We reviewed the charts of all HIV patients with diabetes m ell it us (DM) at our clinic. Fifty-nine patients had HbA1c data, of whom 26 patients also had fructosamine data. We compared the most recent HbA1c to finger-stick (FS) glucose averaged over three months, and fructosamine to FS averaged over six weeks. Predicted average glucose (pAG) was calculated as reported by Nathan et al: pAG (mg/dL) = 28.7 × A1C% – 46.7. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS) and Kruskal–Wallis test.
RESULTS: HbA1c values underestimated (UE) actual average glucose (a AG) in 19% of these patients and overestimated (OE) aAG in 27%. HbA1c estimated aAG within the established range in only 54% of the patients. There were no statistical differences in the types of HIV medication used in patients with UE, OE, or accurately estimated (AE) glycemia. A Spearman correlation coefficient between HbA1c and aAG was r = 0.53 (P < 0.0001). Correlation between fructosamine and aAG was r = 0.47 (P = 0.016).
CONCLUSIONS: Te correlations between HbA1c and aAG and between fructosamine and aAG were weaker than expected, and fructosamine was not more accurate than HbA1c.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Clinical Medicine Insights: Endocrinology and Diabetes|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 4 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism