Molecular heterogeneity and function of EWS-WT1 fusion transcripts in desmoplastic small round cell tumors

J. Liu, M. M. Nau, J. C. Yeh, C. J. Allegra, E. Chu, J. J. Wright

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56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a primitive sarcoma with a consistent cytogenetic abnormality, t(11;22)(p13;q12). This chromosomal translocation generates a chimeric transcript that is formed by fusion of the 5' region of the Ewing's sarcoma gene, EWS, with the 3' DNA-binding segment of WT1, the Wilms' tumor suppressor gene. We collected 14 DSRCT tumor samples and examined the hybrid transcripts. We identified: (a) combinatorial heterogeneity of EWS exons fused to WT1 including use of EWS exons 7, 8, and 9; (b) subpopulations of variant transcripts in 6 of 14 tumors characterized by aberrant splicing resulting in loss of EWS exon 6 or WT1 exon 9; (c) multiple cDNA products with large internal deletions; and (d) insertion of small stretches of heterologous DNA at the fusion site or exon splice region in transcripts from two tumors. Most of the splice variants were in-frame, and in vitro translated fusion proteins with intact DNA-binding motifs formed complexes with a WT 1 response element in gel mobility assays. Each of the chimeric proteins retains the ability to bind to the GC and TC elements of the early transcription factor EGR-1 as well as WT1 consensus sequences. We present evidence that various EWS-WT1 proteins up-regulated EGR-1 promoter activity and that this up-regulation is specifically dependent upon the absence of the exon 9 KTS domain of WT1. The molecular diversity and functionality exhibited by these fusion transcripts may have significant biological implications for their transactivating and tumorigenic potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3522-3529
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume6
Issue number9
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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