In this study, we examined 26 cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 14 age-matched controls. In Brodmann area 21 cerebral cortex of the AD cases, there was no change in soluble G1 and G4 acetylcholinesterase (AChE) (EC 18.104.22.168), a significant 40% decrease in membrane-associated G4 AChE, significant 342 and 406% increases in A12 and A8 AChE, and a significant 71% decrease in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) (EC 22.214.171.124). Our working hypothesis to account for these changes postulates 1) that soluble globular forms are unchanged because they are primarily associated with intrinsic cortical neurons that are relatively unaffected by AD, 2) that ChAT and membrane-associated G4 AChE decrease because they are primarily associated with incoming axons of cholinergic neurons that are abnormal in AD, and 3) that asymmetric forms of AChE increase because of an acrylamide-type impairment of fast axonal transport in diseased incoming cholinergic axons. In the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM) of the 26 AD cases, there was a significant 61% decrease in the number of cholinergic neurons, an insignificant 23% decrease in nbM ChAT, a significant 298% increase in nbM ChAT per cholinergic neuron, and a significant 7% increase in the area of cholinergic perikarya. To account for the increased ChAT in cholinergic neurons and the enlargement of cholinergic perikarya, we propose that slow axonal transport may be impaired in nbM cholinergic neurons in AD.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1986|
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