Modern multidisciplinary perioperative management of rectal cancer

Mariana Berho, Rahul Narang, Julie Ann M. Van Koughnett, Steven D. Wexner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance: The management of care for rectal cancer has undergone many changes and improvements in recent decades. A multidisciplinary approach to this complex disease is essential to ensure high-quality treatment and outcomes. Objective: To present a current, evidence-based approach to the multidisciplinary team management of rectal cancer with a review of the diagnosis, staging, and treatment of the disease by radiologists, oncologists, surgeons, and pathologists. Evidence Review: The literature review was conducted through online searches of MEDLINE and PubMed. Articles published between January 1, 2000, and June 2014 and pertaining to staging modalities, surgical approaches, pathologic assessment, and medical treatments of rectal cancer were considered. All studies were reviewed, with preferential inclusion of larger or randomized trials. The review focused on changing paradigms and current controversies in rectal cancer management. Findings: A multidisciplinary approach to the patient with rectal cancer includes many health care professionals. Although treatments continue to evolve and improve, clear evidence-based principles have been well studied. The important roles of various specialists must be acknowledged and utilized. Within each role, new and emerging treatment approaches require critical review by experts in their fields. Conclusions and Relevance: Many new technologies and treatment options will continue to advance the treatment of rectal cancer, further emphasizing the need for a multidisciplinary approach to achieve optimal care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-266
Number of pages7
JournalJAMA Surgery
Volume150
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Modern multidisciplinary perioperative management of rectal cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Berho, M., Narang, R., Van Koughnett, J. A. M., & Wexner, S. D. (2015). Modern multidisciplinary perioperative management of rectal cancer. JAMA Surgery, 150(3), 260-266. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamasurg.2014.2887