Moderate-vigorous physical activity and health-related quality of life among Hispanic/Latino adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Priscilla M. Vásquez, Ramon A. Durazo-Arvizu, David X. Marquez, Maria Argos, Melissa Lamar, Angela Odoms-Young, Donghong Wu, Hector M. González, Wassim Tarraf, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Denise Vidot, Rosenda Murillo, Krista M. Perreira, Sheila F. Castañeda, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Jianwen Cai, Marc Gellman, Martha L. Daviglus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Physical activity is a modifiable healthy behavior that has been shown to positively influence health-related quality of life. However, research examining the link between physical activity and health-related quality of life among Hispanic/Latino adults is limited and inconsistent. The purpose of this study is to assess whether accelerometer-measured moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) is associated with self-reported (a) mental health-related quality of life, and (b) physical health-related quality of life among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults in the US. Methods: Cross-sectional data from 12,379 adults ages 18–74 years in 2008–2011, who participated in HCHS/SOL and had complete data were analyzed using complex survey design methods. Accelerometer data were categorized into no MVPA, low, moderate, and high MVPA. Health-related quality of life was assessed with the Short-Form 12 and we used the mental and physical component subscales where higher scores indicate better health-related quality of life. Multivariate linear regression models were used to derive adjusted means with 95% confidence intervals and linear trends. Results: We observed no significant linear trend between accelerometer-measured MVPA and mental health-related quality of life (ptrend = 0.73). There was a significant positive association between MVPA and physical health-related quality of life (ptrend < 0.001) where higher MVPA corresponded with higher scores in physical health-related quality of life. The adjusted means were 46.67 (44.85–48.48) for no MVPA, 49.33 (49.03–49.63) for low MVPA, 50.61 (50.09–51.13) for moderate MVPA, and 51.36 (50.86–51.86) for high MVPA. Conclusions: Among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults in the US, accelerometer-measured MVPA was associated with physical health-related quality of life, but not mental health-related quality of life. Future interventions should evaluate if increases in MVPA lead to improvements in health-related quality of life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
JournalJournal of Patient-Reported Outcomes
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Health-related quality of life
  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • Physical activity
  • SF-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management

Cite this

Vásquez, P. M., Durazo-Arvizu, R. A., Marquez, D. X., Argos, M., Lamar, M., Odoms-Young, A., Wu, D., González, H. M., Tarraf, W., Sotres-Alvarez, D., Vidot, D., Murillo, R., Perreira, K. M., Castañeda, S. F., Mossavar-Rahmani, Y., Cai, J., Gellman, M., & Daviglus, M. L. (2019). Moderate-vigorous physical activity and health-related quality of life among Hispanic/Latino adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes, 3(1), [45]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41687-019-0129-y