Mobile food vendors in urban neighborhoods-Implications for diet and diet-related health by weather and season

Sean C. Lucan, Andrew R. Maroko, Joel M. Bumol, Monica Varona, Luis Torrens, Clyde B. Schechter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study describes mobile food vendors (street vendors) in Bronx, NY, considering neighborhood-level correlations with demographic, diet, and diet-related health measures from City data. Vendors offering exclusively "less-healthy" foods (e.g., chips, processed meats, sweets) outnumbered vendors offering exclusively "healthier" foods (e.g., produce, whole grains, nuts). Wet days and winter months reduced all vending on streets, but exclusively "less-healthy" vending most. In summer, exclusively "less-healthy" vending per capita inversely correlated with neighborhood-mean fruit-and-vegetable consumption and directly correlated with neighborhood-mean BMI and prevalences of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia (Spearman correlations 0.90-1.00, p values 0.037 to <0.001). In winter, "less-healthy" vending per capita directly correlated with proportions of Hispanic residents and those living in poverty (Spearman correlations 0.90, p values 0.037). Mobile food vending may contribute negatively to urban food-environment healthfulness overall, but exacerbation of demographic, diet, and diet-related health disparities may vary by weather, season, and neighborhood characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-175
Number of pages5
JournalHealth and Place
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Weather
diet
food
Diet
weather
Food
Health
health
Demography
hypertension
Nuts
nut
winter
Poverty
Hypercholesterolemia
vegetables
Hispanic Americans
meat
Vegetables
Meat

Keywords

  • Disparities
  • Food environment
  • Mobile food vendors
  • Seasonality
  • Street foods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Mobile food vendors in urban neighborhoods-Implications for diet and diet-related health by weather and season. / Lucan, Sean C.; Maroko, Andrew R.; Bumol, Joel M.; Varona, Monica; Torrens, Luis; Schechter, Clyde B.

In: Health and Place, Vol. 27, 2014, p. 171-175.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{182dd278664a4920937a660293115c11,
title = "Mobile food vendors in urban neighborhoods-Implications for diet and diet-related health by weather and season",
abstract = "This study describes mobile food vendors (street vendors) in Bronx, NY, considering neighborhood-level correlations with demographic, diet, and diet-related health measures from City data. Vendors offering exclusively {"}less-healthy{"} foods (e.g., chips, processed meats, sweets) outnumbered vendors offering exclusively {"}healthier{"} foods (e.g., produce, whole grains, nuts). Wet days and winter months reduced all vending on streets, but exclusively {"}less-healthy{"} vending most. In summer, exclusively {"}less-healthy{"} vending per capita inversely correlated with neighborhood-mean fruit-and-vegetable consumption and directly correlated with neighborhood-mean BMI and prevalences of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia (Spearman correlations 0.90-1.00, p values 0.037 to <0.001). In winter, {"}less-healthy{"} vending per capita directly correlated with proportions of Hispanic residents and those living in poverty (Spearman correlations 0.90, p values 0.037). Mobile food vending may contribute negatively to urban food-environment healthfulness overall, but exacerbation of demographic, diet, and diet-related health disparities may vary by weather, season, and neighborhood characteristics.",
keywords = "Disparities, Food environment, Mobile food vendors, Seasonality, Street foods",
author = "Lucan, {Sean C.} and Maroko, {Andrew R.} and Bumol, {Joel M.} and Monica Varona and Luis Torrens and Schechter, {Clyde B.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.02.009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "171--175",
journal = "Health and Place",
issn = "1353-8292",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mobile food vendors in urban neighborhoods-Implications for diet and diet-related health by weather and season

AU - Lucan, Sean C.

AU - Maroko, Andrew R.

AU - Bumol, Joel M.

AU - Varona, Monica

AU - Torrens, Luis

AU - Schechter, Clyde B.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This study describes mobile food vendors (street vendors) in Bronx, NY, considering neighborhood-level correlations with demographic, diet, and diet-related health measures from City data. Vendors offering exclusively "less-healthy" foods (e.g., chips, processed meats, sweets) outnumbered vendors offering exclusively "healthier" foods (e.g., produce, whole grains, nuts). Wet days and winter months reduced all vending on streets, but exclusively "less-healthy" vending most. In summer, exclusively "less-healthy" vending per capita inversely correlated with neighborhood-mean fruit-and-vegetable consumption and directly correlated with neighborhood-mean BMI and prevalences of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia (Spearman correlations 0.90-1.00, p values 0.037 to <0.001). In winter, "less-healthy" vending per capita directly correlated with proportions of Hispanic residents and those living in poverty (Spearman correlations 0.90, p values 0.037). Mobile food vending may contribute negatively to urban food-environment healthfulness overall, but exacerbation of demographic, diet, and diet-related health disparities may vary by weather, season, and neighborhood characteristics.

AB - This study describes mobile food vendors (street vendors) in Bronx, NY, considering neighborhood-level correlations with demographic, diet, and diet-related health measures from City data. Vendors offering exclusively "less-healthy" foods (e.g., chips, processed meats, sweets) outnumbered vendors offering exclusively "healthier" foods (e.g., produce, whole grains, nuts). Wet days and winter months reduced all vending on streets, but exclusively "less-healthy" vending most. In summer, exclusively "less-healthy" vending per capita inversely correlated with neighborhood-mean fruit-and-vegetable consumption and directly correlated with neighborhood-mean BMI and prevalences of hypertension and hypercholesterolemia (Spearman correlations 0.90-1.00, p values 0.037 to <0.001). In winter, "less-healthy" vending per capita directly correlated with proportions of Hispanic residents and those living in poverty (Spearman correlations 0.90, p values 0.037). Mobile food vending may contribute negatively to urban food-environment healthfulness overall, but exacerbation of demographic, diet, and diet-related health disparities may vary by weather, season, and neighborhood characteristics.

KW - Disparities

KW - Food environment

KW - Mobile food vendors

KW - Seasonality

KW - Street foods

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896040451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896040451&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.02.009

DO - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.02.009

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 171

EP - 175

JO - Health and Place

JF - Health and Place

SN - 1353-8292

ER -