Mitral Valve Infective Endocarditis after Trans-Catheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Vassili Panagides, David del Val, Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, Norman Mangner, Eric Durand, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Marina Urena, Costanza Pellegrini, Francesco Giannini, Piotr Scislo, Zenon Huczek, Martin Landt, Vincent Auffret, Jan Malte Sinning, Asim N. Cheema, Luis Nombela-Franco, Chekrallah Chamandi, Francisco Campelo-Parada, Erika Munoz-Garcia, Howard C. HerrmannLuca Testa, Won Keun Kim, Juan Carlos Castillo, Alberto Alperi, Didier Tchetche, Antonio L. Bartorelli, Samir Kapadia, Stefan Stortecky, Ignacio Amat-Santos, Harindra C. Wijeysundera, John Lisko, Enrique Gutiérrez-Ibanes, Vicenç Serra, Luisa Salido, Abdullah Alkhodair, Ugolino Livi, Tarun Chakravarty, Stamatios Lerakis, Victoria Vilalta, Ander Regueiro, Rafael Romaguera, Utz Kappert, Marco Barbanti, Jean Bernard Masson, Frédéric Maes, Claudia Fiorina, Antonio Miceli, Susheel Kodali, Henrique B. Ribeiro, Jose Armando Mangione, Fabio Sandoli de Brito, Guglielmo Mario Actis Dato, Francesco Rosato, Maria Cristina Ferreira, Valter Correia de Lima, Alexandre Siciliano Colafranceschi, Alexandre Abizaid, Marcos Antonio Marino, Vinicius Esteves, Julio Andrea, Roger R. Godinho, Fernando Alfonso, Helene Eltchaninoff, Lars Søndergaard, Dominique Himbert, Oliver Husser, Azeem Latib, Hervé Le Breton, Clement Servoz, Isaac Pascual, Saif Siddiqui, Paolo Olivares, Rosana Hernandez-Antolin, John G. Webb, Sandro Sponga, Raj Makkar, Annapoorna S. Kini, Marouane Boukhris, Philippe Gervais, Axel Linke, Lisa Crusius, David Holzhey, Josep Rodés-Cabau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Scarce data exist on mitral valve (MV) infective endocarditis (IE) after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). This multicenter study included a total of 579 patients with a diagnosis of definite IE after TAVI from the IE after TAVI International Registry and aimed to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, management, and outcomes of MV-IE after TAVI. A total of 86 patients (14.9%) had MV-IE. These patients were compared with 284 patients (49.1%) with involvement of the transcatheter heart valve (THV) only. Two factors were found to be associated with MV-IE: the use of self-expanding valves (adjusted odds ratio 2.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23 to 5.07, p = 0.012), and the presence of an aortic regurgitation ≥2 at discharge (adjusted odds ratio 3.33; 95% CI 1.43 to 7.73, p <0.01). There were no differences in IE timing and causative microorganisms between groups, but surgical management was significantly lower in patients with MV-IE (6.0%, vs 21.6% in patients with THV-IE, p = 0.001). All-cause mortality rates at 2-year follow-up were high and similar between patients with MV-IE (51.4%, 95% CI 39.8 to 64.1) and patients with THV-IE (51.5%, 95% CI 45.4 to 58.0) (log-rank p = 0.295). The factors independently associated with increased mortality risk in patients with MV-IE were the occurrence of heart failure (adjusted p <0.001) and septic shock (adjusted p <0.01) during the index hospitalization. One of 6 IE episodes after TAVI is localized on the MV. The implantation of a self-expanding THV and the presence of an aortic regurgitation ≥2 at discharge were associated with MV-IE. Patients with MV-IE were rarely operated on and had a poor prognosis at 2-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-97
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume172
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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