We compared the impact of annulus size and valve deformation (tethering) on mitral regurgitation in the animal dilated cardiomyopathy model, and assessed if acute left ventricular volume changes affect mitral annulus dimensions. We performed 3-dimensional echocardiography in 30 open-chest dogs with pacing-induced cardiomyopathy. Mitral annulus area was calculated from its two orthogonal diameters, whereas valve tethering was quantified by valve tenting area measurement. Mitral valve regurgitant volume showed the highest correlation with annulus area (r = 0.64, P < .001), left atrial volume (r = 0.40, P < .01), and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (r = 0.37, P < .01). Regurgitant volume showed poorer correlation with valve tethering in both septolateral and intercommissural planes (r = 0.35 and r = 0.31, P < .05 for both). Annulus dimensions correlated with acute changes of left ventricular end-diastolic volume (r = 0.68, P = .002). Mitral annulus dilation is the strongest predictor of functional mitral regurgitation in this animal dilated cardiomyopathy model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - Sep 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine