MiR-155 can inhibit the formation of atherosclerosis by interfering with the transformation of macrophages into foam cells that plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, but the precise mechanisms of miR-155 are still unknown. Herein, we observed that mRNA and protein expression levels of CEH were significantly upregulated in a dose- and time-dependent manner by transfected with miR-155 mimics in THP-1 macrophages. Further studies showed that overexpression of miR-155 can significantly inhibit foam cells formation, reduce intracellular CE accumulation and enhance the efflux of FC and cholesterol, result in a decrease of intracellular lipid accumulation; while this effect was significantly reversed by siCEH. Meanwhile, we found that Tim-3 is associated with miR-155-mediated CEH expression in THP-1 macrophage-derived foam cells. Overexpression of Tim-3 can attenuate miR-155-mediated CEH induction. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that miR-155 can inhibit the transformation of macrophages into foam cells by enhancing CEH signaling pathway in macrophages, this effect is likely to be achieved by inhibiting the expression of Tim-3.
- Cholesterol ester hydrolase
ASJC Scopus subject areas