Mindfulness training for smoking cessation: Results from a randomized controlled trial

Judson A. Brewer, Sarah Mallik, Theresa A. Babuscio, Charla Nich, Hayley E. Johnson, Cameron M. Deleone, Candace A. Minnix-Cotton, Shannon A. Byrne, Hedy Kober, Andrea J. Weinstein, Kathleen M. Carroll, Bruce J. Rounsaville

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

191 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world, and long-term abstinence rates remain modest. Mindfulness training (MT) has begun to show benefits in a number of psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety and more recently, in addictions. However, MT has not been evaluated for smoking cessation through randomized clinical trials. Methods: 88 treatment-seeking, nicotine-dependent adults who were smoking an average of 20. cigarettes/day were randomly assigned to receive MT or the American Lung Association's freedom from smoking (FFS) treatment. Both treatments were delivered twice weekly over 4 weeks (eight sessions total) in a group format. The primary outcomes were expired-air carbon monoxide-confirmed 7-day point prevalence abstinence and number of cigarettes/day at the end of the 4-week treatment and at a follow-up interview at week 17. Results: 88% of individuals received MT and 84% of individuals received FFS completed treatment. Compared to those randomized to the FFS intervention, individuals who received MT showed a greater rate of reduction in cigarette use during treatment and maintained these gains during follow-up (F= 11.11, p= .001). They also exhibited a trend toward greater point prevalence abstinence rate at the end of treatment (36% vs. 15%, p= .063), which was significant at the 17-week follow-up (31% vs. 6%, p= .012). Conclusions: This initial trial of mindfulness training may confer benefits greater than those associated with current standard treatments for smoking cessation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-80
Number of pages9
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume119
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mindfulness
Smoking Cessation
Tobacco Products
Randomized Controlled Trials
Smoking
Carbon Monoxide
Nicotine
Psychiatry
Cause of Death
Anxiety
Air
Interviews
Depression
Lung

Keywords

  • Addiction
  • Behavioral treatment
  • Mindfulness
  • Nicotine dependence
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Brewer, J. A., Mallik, S., Babuscio, T. A., Nich, C., Johnson, H. E., Deleone, C. M., ... Rounsaville, B. J. (2011). Mindfulness training for smoking cessation: Results from a randomized controlled trial. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 119(1-2), 72-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.05.027

Mindfulness training for smoking cessation : Results from a randomized controlled trial. / Brewer, Judson A.; Mallik, Sarah; Babuscio, Theresa A.; Nich, Charla; Johnson, Hayley E.; Deleone, Cameron M.; Minnix-Cotton, Candace A.; Byrne, Shannon A.; Kober, Hedy; Weinstein, Andrea J.; Carroll, Kathleen M.; Rounsaville, Bruce J.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 119, No. 1-2, 01.12.2011, p. 72-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brewer, JA, Mallik, S, Babuscio, TA, Nich, C, Johnson, HE, Deleone, CM, Minnix-Cotton, CA, Byrne, SA, Kober, H, Weinstein, AJ, Carroll, KM & Rounsaville, BJ 2011, 'Mindfulness training for smoking cessation: Results from a randomized controlled trial', Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 119, no. 1-2, pp. 72-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2011.05.027
Brewer, Judson A. ; Mallik, Sarah ; Babuscio, Theresa A. ; Nich, Charla ; Johnson, Hayley E. ; Deleone, Cameron M. ; Minnix-Cotton, Candace A. ; Byrne, Shannon A. ; Kober, Hedy ; Weinstein, Andrea J. ; Carroll, Kathleen M. ; Rounsaville, Bruce J. / Mindfulness training for smoking cessation : Results from a randomized controlled trial. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2011 ; Vol. 119, No. 1-2. pp. 72-80.
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AU - Deleone, Cameron M.

AU - Minnix-Cotton, Candace A.

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