Background. Peak serum concentrations of methotrexate (MTX) have been reported to correlate with outcome in osteosarcoma (OS). Modification of the MTX dose to achieve peak levels between 700 and 1,000 μmol/L has been recommended. The goal of the study was to assess whether there is a correlation between histologic necrosis of the tumor and/or prognosis with peak MTX serum concentration. Procedure. Treatment included multi-agent adjuvant chemotherapy, including high-dose MTX (12 g/m2). Peak MTX levels were drawn following a 4-hr infusion. Histologic evaluation for percent necrosis was done at the time of definitive resection. Results. The median peak MTX level (n = 52 patients) was 1,060 μmol/L (range: 410-4,700 μmo,/L), with significant intra-patient and inter-patient variability. Fifty-eight percent of the levels were 1,000 μmol/L or higher. Response to pre-operative chemotherapy was: 18% Crade I necrosis, 35% Grade II, 31% Grade III, and 16% Grade IV. No significant association was found between the mean peak MTX levels and necrosis (P = 0.44). Event-free survival (EFS) for the 48 patients with non-metastatic disease at diagnosis was 76% at 4 years of follow-up, with no association between the mean peak MTX level and EFS (P = 0.24). Conclusions. The absence of a demonstrable correlation between peak MTX levels and histologic necrosis or EFS may suggest that most patients achieve therapeutic levels when MTX is given at a dose of 12 g/m2. The significant degree of intra-patient variability in peak levels poses a dilemma for pharmacokinetic adjustment. Continued use of HD-MTX in all patients, rather than dose adapted therapy, may be justified.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health