Metabolic labeling of woodchuck hepatitis B virus X protein in naturally infected hepatocytes reveals a bimodal half-life and association with the nuclear framework

Maura Dandri, Joerg Petersen, Richard J. Stockert, Thomas M. Harris, Charles E. Rogler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations


In order to identify potential sites of hepadnavirus X protein action, we have investigated the subcellular distribution and the stability of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) X protein (WHx) in primary hepatocytes isolated from woodchucks with persistent WHV infection. In vivo cell labeling and cell fractionation studies showed that the majority of WHx is a soluble cytoplasmic protein while a minor part of newly synthesized WHx is associated with a nuclear framework fraction (20%) and with cytoskeletal components (5 to 10%). Pulse-chase experiments revealed that cytoplasmic WHx has a short half-life and decays with bimodal kinetics (approximately 20 min and 3 h). The rates of association and turnover of nucleus-associated WHx suggest that compartmentalization may be responsible for the bimodal turnover observed in the cytoplasm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9359-9364
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of virology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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