Medium-Term Real-World Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Surgical Therapies for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Water Vapor Thermal Therapy (Rezum) vs Prostatic Urethral Lift (UroLift) in a High-Volume Urban Academic Center

Chih Peng Chin, Evan B. Garden, Krishna T. Ravivarapu, Devki Shukla, Olamide Omidele, Micah Levy, Daniel Qian, Joseph Sewell Araya, Robert Valenzuela, Avinash Reddy, Susan Marshall, Jay Motola, Craig Nobert, Mantu Gupta, Alexander C. Small, Steven A. Kaplan, Michael A. Palese

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Water vapor thermal therapy (WVTT, i.e., Rezum®) and prostatic urethral lift (PUL, i.e., Urolift®) are minimally invasive surgical therapy (MIST) options for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Few studies have directly compared the two procedures. We examined the clinical characteristics and postoperative outcomes of patients undergoing WVTT and PUL at our high-volume urban academic center. Methods: We reviewed our institutional MIST database to identify patients with prostate sizes ≥30 and ≤80 cc who underwent WVTT or PUL for treatment of BPH between January 2017 and September 2021. Pre- and postoperative outcomes, including retreatment rates, American Urological Association symptom score (AUA-SS), maximum flow (Qmax), postvoid residual (PVR), medication usage, trial of void success rates, catheterization requirements, and postoperative complications within 90 days were extracted and compared between procedures. Results: Three hundred seven patients received WVTT and 110 patients received PUL with average follow-up times of 11.3 and 12.8 months, respectively. WVTT patients showed significant improvements in AUA-SS, Qmax, and PVR, whereas PUL patients showed improvements in only AUA-SS and Qmax. Both WVTT and PUL patients with longitudinal follow-up demonstrated improvements in AUA-SS, Qmax, and PVR. Postoperatively, alpha-blocker utilization was significantly decreased following both WVTT and PUL (WVTT: 73.9%-46.6%, PUL: 76.4%-38.2%, both p < 0.001). Compared to patients receiving PUL, WVTT patients more frequently reported postoperative dysuria (22.8% vs 8.3%, p = 0.001) and nonclot-related retention (18.9% vs 7.3%, p = 0.005); PUL patients more frequently experienced postoperative clot retention (7.3% vs 2.6%, p = 0.027). There were no differences in rates of postoperative bladder spasm, trial of void success, urinary tract infections, or emergency department visits. Postoperative erectile dysfunction and retrograde ejaculation were rare and occurred at similar rates. Conclusion: In the real-world setting, WVTT and PUL have similar medium-term efficacy in improving symptoms and decreasing medication utilization for patients with BPH. Differences in postoperative complication profiles should inform patient counseling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1559-1566
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022

Keywords

  • benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • prosthetic urethral lift
  • Rezum
  • UroLift
  • water vapor thermal therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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