Mechanisms for rapid adaptive control of motion processing in macaque visual cortex

Douglas McLelland, Pamela M. Baker, Bashir Ahmed, Adam Kohn, Wyeth Bair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Akey feature of neural networks is their ability to rapidly adjust their function, including signal gain and temporal dynamics, in response to changes in sensory inputs. These adjustments are thought to be important for optimizing the sensitivity of the system, yet their mechanisms remain poorly understood. We studied adaptive changes in temporal integration in direction-selective cells in macaque primary visual cortex, where specific hypotheses have been proposed to account for rapid adaptation. By independently stimulating direction-specific channels, we found that the control of temporal integration of motion at one direction was independent of motion signals driven at the orthogonal direction. We also found that individual neurons can simultaneously support two different profiles of temporal integration for motion in orthogonal directions. These findings rule out a broad range of adaptive mechanisms as being key to the control of temporal integration, including untuned normalization and nonlinearities of spike generation and somatic adaptation in the recorded direction-selective cells. Such mechanisms are too broadly tuned, or occur too far downstream, to explain the channelspecific and multiplexed temporal integration that we observe in single neurons. Instead, we are compelled to conclude that parallel processing pathways are involved, and we demonstrate one such circuit using a computer model. This solution allows processing in different direction/orientation channels to be separately optimized and is sensible given that, under typical motion conditions (e.g., translation or looming), speed on the retina is a function of the orientation of image components.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10268-10280
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume35
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2015

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Direction-selective
  • Temporal integration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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