Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth

Natalie Slopen, Garrett Strizich, Simin Hua, Linda C. Gallo, David H. Chae, Naomi Priest, Matthew J. Gurka, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Julia I. Bravin, Earle C. Chambers, Martha L. Daviglus, Maria M. Llabre, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Carmen R. Isasi

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Abstract

Purpose: Limited research has examined maternal experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination in relation to child cardiometabolic health. In this study, we investigated whether maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination were associated with cardiometabolic risk in Hispanic/Latino youth several years later. Methods: Our sample included 1146 youth (8–16 years)from the Study of Latino Youth (2012–2014), who were children of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants (2008–2011). We used regression models to examine the prospective associations between maternal report of ethnic discrimination in relation to her child's body mass index (BMI)z-score, metabolic syndrome score (MetS), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)levels 2 years later. Results: Maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with youth hsCRP, but not BMI or MetS (P-values >.05). Adjusting for age, nativity, and national background, maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with higher (log)hsCRP levels (β = 0.18, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.32)in children. This association was robust to adjustment for maternal and household characteristics (β = 0.17, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.31), as well as maternal depression and maternal BMI. Conclusions: Maternal ethnic discrimination is associated with inflammation among Hispanic/Latino youth, and not BMI z-score or MetS. Studies are needed to address temporality and pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-57
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
Volume34
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

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Keywords

  • Cardiometabolic health
  • Children
  • Discrimination
  • Study of Latino Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Slopen, N., Strizich, G., Hua, S., Gallo, L. C., Chae, D. H., Priest, N., Gurka, M. J., Bangdiwala, S. I., Bravin, J. I., Chambers, E. C., Daviglus, M. L., Llabre, M. M., Carnethon, M. R., & Isasi, C. R. (2019). Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth. Annals of Epidemiology, 34, 52-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.011