Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth

Natalie Slopen, Garrett Strizich, Simin Hua, Linda C. Gallo, David H. Chae, Naomi Priest, Matthew J. Gurka, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Julia I. Bravin, Earle C. Chambers, Martha L. Daviglus, Maria M. Llabre, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Carmen R. Isasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Limited research has examined maternal experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination in relation to child cardiometabolic health. In this study, we investigated whether maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination were associated with cardiometabolic risk in Hispanic/Latino youth several years later. Methods: Our sample included 1146 youth (8–16 years) from the Study of Latino Youth (2012–2014), who were children of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants (2008–2011). We used regression models to examine the prospective associations between maternal report of ethnic discrimination in relation to her child's body mass index (BMI) z-score, metabolic syndrome score (MetS), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels 2 years later. Results: Maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with youth hsCRP, but not BMI or MetS (P-values >.05). Adjusting for age, nativity, and national background, maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with higher (log) hsCRP levels (β = 0.18, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.32) in children. This association was robust to adjustment for maternal and household characteristics (β = 0.17, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.31), as well as maternal depression and maternal BMI. Conclusions: Maternal ethnic discrimination is associated with inflammation among Hispanic/Latino youth, and not BMI z-score or MetS. Studies are needed to address temporality and pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of Epidemiology
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Mothers
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Body Mass Index
C-Reactive Protein
Racism
Depression
Inflammation
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Cardiometabolic health
  • Children
  • Discrimination
  • Study of Latino Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth. / Slopen, Natalie; Strizich, Garrett; Hua, Simin; Gallo, Linda C.; Chae, David H.; Priest, Naomi; Gurka, Matthew J.; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.; Bravin, Julia I.; Chambers, Earle C.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Llabre, Maria M.; Carnethon, Mercedes R.; Isasi, Carmen R.

In: Annals of Epidemiology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Slopen, N, Strizich, G, Hua, S, Gallo, LC, Chae, DH, Priest, N, Gurka, MJ, Bangdiwala, SI, Bravin, JI, Chambers, EC, Daviglus, ML, Llabre, MM, Carnethon, MR & Isasi, CR 2019, 'Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth', Annals of Epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.011
Slopen, Natalie ; Strizich, Garrett ; Hua, Simin ; Gallo, Linda C. ; Chae, David H. ; Priest, Naomi ; Gurka, Matthew J. ; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I. ; Bravin, Julia I. ; Chambers, Earle C. ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; Llabre, Maria M. ; Carnethon, Mercedes R. ; Isasi, Carmen R. / Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth. In: Annals of Epidemiology. 2019.
@article{c22a7a9431c24b048d414464acb29c6a,
title = "Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth",
abstract = "Purpose: Limited research has examined maternal experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination in relation to child cardiometabolic health. In this study, we investigated whether maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination were associated with cardiometabolic risk in Hispanic/Latino youth several years later. Methods: Our sample included 1146 youth (8–16 years) from the Study of Latino Youth (2012–2014), who were children of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants (2008–2011). We used regression models to examine the prospective associations between maternal report of ethnic discrimination in relation to her child's body mass index (BMI) z-score, metabolic syndrome score (MetS), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels 2 years later. Results: Maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with youth hsCRP, but not BMI or MetS (P-values >.05). Adjusting for age, nativity, and national background, maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with higher (log) hsCRP levels (β = 0.18, 95{\%} CI = 0.04 to 0.32) in children. This association was robust to adjustment for maternal and household characteristics (β = 0.17, 95{\%} CI = 0.04 to 0.31), as well as maternal depression and maternal BMI. Conclusions: Maternal ethnic discrimination is associated with inflammation among Hispanic/Latino youth, and not BMI z-score or MetS. Studies are needed to address temporality and pathways.",
keywords = "Cardiometabolic health, Children, Discrimination, Study of Latino Youth",
author = "Natalie Slopen and Garrett Strizich and Simin Hua and Gallo, {Linda C.} and Chae, {David H.} and Naomi Priest and Gurka, {Matthew J.} and Bangdiwala, {Shrikant I.} and Bravin, {Julia I.} and Chambers, {Earle C.} and Daviglus, {Martha L.} and Llabre, {Maria M.} and Carnethon, {Mercedes R.} and Isasi, {Carmen R.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.011",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Annals of Epidemiology",
issn = "1047-2797",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination and child cardiometabolic outcomes in the Study of Latino Youth

AU - Slopen, Natalie

AU - Strizich, Garrett

AU - Hua, Simin

AU - Gallo, Linda C.

AU - Chae, David H.

AU - Priest, Naomi

AU - Gurka, Matthew J.

AU - Bangdiwala, Shrikant I.

AU - Bravin, Julia I.

AU - Chambers, Earle C.

AU - Daviglus, Martha L.

AU - Llabre, Maria M.

AU - Carnethon, Mercedes R.

AU - Isasi, Carmen R.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Purpose: Limited research has examined maternal experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination in relation to child cardiometabolic health. In this study, we investigated whether maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination were associated with cardiometabolic risk in Hispanic/Latino youth several years later. Methods: Our sample included 1146 youth (8–16 years) from the Study of Latino Youth (2012–2014), who were children of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants (2008–2011). We used regression models to examine the prospective associations between maternal report of ethnic discrimination in relation to her child's body mass index (BMI) z-score, metabolic syndrome score (MetS), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels 2 years later. Results: Maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with youth hsCRP, but not BMI or MetS (P-values >.05). Adjusting for age, nativity, and national background, maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with higher (log) hsCRP levels (β = 0.18, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.32) in children. This association was robust to adjustment for maternal and household characteristics (β = 0.17, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.31), as well as maternal depression and maternal BMI. Conclusions: Maternal ethnic discrimination is associated with inflammation among Hispanic/Latino youth, and not BMI z-score or MetS. Studies are needed to address temporality and pathways.

AB - Purpose: Limited research has examined maternal experiences of racial/ethnic discrimination in relation to child cardiometabolic health. In this study, we investigated whether maternal experiences of ethnic discrimination were associated with cardiometabolic risk in Hispanic/Latino youth several years later. Methods: Our sample included 1146 youth (8–16 years) from the Study of Latino Youth (2012–2014), who were children of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants (2008–2011). We used regression models to examine the prospective associations between maternal report of ethnic discrimination in relation to her child's body mass index (BMI) z-score, metabolic syndrome score (MetS), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels 2 years later. Results: Maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with youth hsCRP, but not BMI or MetS (P-values >.05). Adjusting for age, nativity, and national background, maternal ethnic discrimination was associated with higher (log) hsCRP levels (β = 0.18, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.32) in children. This association was robust to adjustment for maternal and household characteristics (β = 0.17, 95% CI = 0.04 to 0.31), as well as maternal depression and maternal BMI. Conclusions: Maternal ethnic discrimination is associated with inflammation among Hispanic/Latino youth, and not BMI z-score or MetS. Studies are needed to address temporality and pathways.

KW - Cardiometabolic health

KW - Children

KW - Discrimination

KW - Study of Latino Youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065022160&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065022160&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.011

DO - 10.1016/j.annepidem.2019.03.011

M3 - Article

C2 - 31060896

AN - SCOPUS:85065022160

JO - Annals of Epidemiology

JF - Annals of Epidemiology

SN - 1047-2797

ER -