Marijuana use is not associated with cervical human papillomavirus natural history or cervical neoplasia in HIV-seropositive or HIV-seronegative women

Gypsyamber D'Souza, Joel M. Palefsky, Ye Zhong, Howard Minkoff, L. Stewart Massad, Kathy Anastos, Alexandra M. Levine, Michael Moxley, Xiao N. Xue, Robert D. Burk, Howard D. Strickler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Marijuana use was recently reported to have a positive cross-sectional association with human papillomavirus (HPV)-related head and neck cancer. Laboratory data suggest that marijuana could have an immunomodulatory effect. Little is known, however, regarding the effects of marijuana use on cervical HPV or neoplasia. Therefore, we studied the natural history (i.e., prevalence, incident detection, clearance/persistence) of cervical HPVand cervical neoplasia (i.e., squamous intraepithelial lesions; SIL) in a large prospective cohort of 2,584 HIV-seropositive and 915 HIV-seronegative women. Marijuana use was classified as ever/ never, current/not current, and by frequency and duration of use. No positive associations were observed between use of marijuana, and either cervical HPV infection or SIL. The findings were similar among HIVseropositive and HIV-seronegative women, and in tobacco smokers and nonsmokers. These data suggest that marijuana use does not increase the burden of cervical HPV infection or SIL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)869-872
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

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