Malignant soft tissue lesions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Soft-tissue sarcomas of the upper extremity are extremely rare, particularly within the pediatric population. Optimal management is heavily dependent upon early recognition, proper diagnostic evaluation, and referral to a pediatric sarcoma center for both tissue biopsy and definitive management. Cure is most likely realized in the setting of truly localized disease, where complete surgical resection can be accomplished. Despite advances in adjuvant therapy, surgery remains the most efficacious treatment modality for localized soft-tissue sarcomas, with radiation augmenting local control primarily for large high-grade lesions. Adherence to fundamental sarcoma surgery principles is critical to oncologic outcomes and should take priority over functional results. A thorough understanding of upper extremity compartmental anatomy is necessary in order to plan and execute complete tumor extirpation. The role for chemotherapy continues to evolve, though adjuvant administration for large high-grade tumors and palliative administration for metastatic disease are common. While over 50 types of soft-tissue sarcoma have been described, some of the more commonly encountered pediatric soft-tissue sarcomas of the upper extremity include alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, epithelioid sarcoma, synovial sarcoma, infantile fibrosarcoma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Pediatric Upper Extremity
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages1363-1384
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9781461485155, 9781461485131
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Geller, D. S. (2015). Malignant soft tissue lesions. In The Pediatric Upper Extremity (pp. 1363-1384). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8515-5_63