Five patients with advanced malignant melanomatreated with viral oncolysatehad solitary central nervous system metastases that were removed surgically. Histologic examination revealed striking and significant mononuclear inflammatory cell infiltratesconsisting of a mean of 60% plasma cells and a lesser proportion of lymphocytes at the edges of the lesionswithin their supporting fibrovascular trabeculaeand among the tumor cells. Comparable inflammatory changes were not found in solitary metastatic malignant melanomas removed surgically from the brains of 19 patients not treated with viral oncolysate. Similarlymultiple metastatic malignant melanomas obtained postmortem from the brains of 12 patients not treated with viral oncolysate showed minimal inflammatory responses. Ultrastructural examination of material from a single treated patient revealed morphologic abnormalities of the blood–brain barrierchanges that were perhaps conducive to infiltration of the neoplasm by inflammatory cells. The authors suggest that administration of viral oncolysate enhances the inflammatory cell response to metastatic malignant melanoma in the brain.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research