Malignant melanoma. Inflammatory mononuclear cell infiltrates in cerebral metastases during concurrent therapy with viral oncolysate

William A. Cassel, Karen M. Weidenheim, Wallace G. Campbell, Douglas R. Murray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Five patients with advanced malignant melanomatreated with viral oncolysatehad solitary central nervous system metastases that were removed surgically. Histologic examination revealed striking and significant mononuclear inflammatory cell infiltratesconsisting of a mean of 60% plasma cells and a lesser proportion of lymphocytes at the edges of the lesionswithin their supporting fibrovascular trabeculaeand among the tumor cells. Comparable inflammatory changes were not found in solitary metastatic malignant melanomas removed surgically from the brains of 19 patients not treated with viral oncolysate. Similarlymultiple metastatic malignant melanomas obtained postmortem from the brains of 12 patients not treated with viral oncolysate showed minimal inflammatory responses. Ultrastructural examination of material from a single treated patient revealed morphologic abnormalities of the blood–brain barrierchanges that were perhaps conducive to infiltration of the neoplasm by inflammatory cells. The authors suggest that administration of viral oncolysate enhances the inflammatory cell response to metastatic malignant melanoma in the brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1302-1312
Number of pages11
JournalCancer
Volume57
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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