Purpose of review: The increasing use of magnetic resonance imaging as a diagnostic modality has led to increased demand for sedation and monitoring during the procedure. This review is to acquaint the reader with the most recent developments in magnetic resonance imaging diagnostics and to describe the evolving techniques and strategies for patient management. Recent findings: Many centers are meeting the challenges of increasing demand by streamlining their sedation/anesthetic protocols to achieve greater efficiency. Some have enlisted the help of nursing staff who are trained to provide sedation for certain patients. Continued experience in magnetic resonance imaging anesthesia has led to a better understanding of patient needs and decreased the number of failed procedures. The scope of magnetic resonance imaging diagnostics has expanded to include urology, otolaryngology, and neonatal evaluation. Although infants and children constitute the majority of patients, many adults also require anesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging and present their own challenges. Summary: Anesthesia and sedation during magnetic resonance imaging have a unique set of constraints. However, most of the standards of modern, safe anesthetic care can be met in this environment. The growing experience at many hospitals has demonstrated that a wide range of patients can receive safe care during magnetic resonance imaging.
- Magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine