The histone variant macroH2A1 localizes to two functionally distinct chromatin subtypes marked by either H3K27me3 or H2B acetylations, where it is thought to directly regulate transcription. The recent finding, that macroH2A1 regulates mitochondrial respiration by globally dampening PARP activity, requires the field to re-evaluate which functions of macroH2A1 are due to global effects on cellular metabolism and which are direct effects determined by macroH2A1 chromatin localization. Here, we demonstrate macroH2A1 incorporation into H2B-acetylated chromatin requires a feature in its histone-fold domain, distinguishing this process from incorporation into H3K27me3-containing chromatin in which multiple features of macroH2A1 are sufficient for targeting. In addition, we identify H2BK20 acetylation as a critical modification required to target macroH2A1 to H2B-acetylated chromatin. Our findings have allowed us to definitively establish that macroH2A1’s regulation of an important transcriptional program, the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), requires its accurate genomic localization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)