Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) is a selective mechanism for the degradation of soluble cytosolic proteins in lysosomes. The limiting step of this type of autophagy is the binding of substrates to the lysosome-associated membrane protein type 2A (LAMP-2A). In this work, we identify a dynamic subcompartmentalization of LAMP-2A in the lysosomal membrane, which underlies the molecular basis for the regulation of LAMP-2A function in CMA. A percentage of LAMP-2A localizes in discrete lysosomal membrane regions during resting conditions, but it exits these regions during CMA activation. Disruption of these regions by cholesterol-depleting agents or expression of a mutant LAMP-2A excluded from these regions enhances CMA activity, whereas loading of lysosomes with cholesterol significantly reduces CMA. Organization of LAMP-2A into multimeric complexes, required for translocation of substrates into lysosomes via CMA, only occurs outside the lipid-enriched membrane microdomains, whereas the LAMP-2A located within these regions is susceptible to proteolytic cleavage and degradation. Our results support that changes in the dynamic distribution of LAMP-2A into and out of discrete microdomains of the lysosomal membrane contribute to regulate CMA.
- Membrane microdomains
- Protein degradation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)