Low Rho activity in hepatocytes prevents apical from basolateral cargo separation during trans-Golgi network to surface transport

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hepatocytes, the main epithelial cells of the liver, organize their polarized membrane domains differently from ductal epithelia. They also differ in their biosynthetic delivery of single-membrane-spanning and glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored proteins to the apical domain. While ductal epithelia target apical proteins to varying degrees from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the apical surface directly, hepatocytes target them first to the basolateral domain, from where they undergo basolateral-to-apical transcytosis. How TGN-to-surface transport differs in both scenarios is unknown. Here, we report that the basolateral detour of a hepatocyte apical protein is due, in part, to low RhoA activity at the TGN, which prevents its segregation from basolateral transport carriers. Activating Rho in hepatocytic cells, which switches their polarity from hepatocytic to ductal, also led to apical-basolateral cargo segregation at the TGN as is typical for ductal cells, affirming a central role for Rho-signaling in different aspects of the hepatocytic polarity phenotype. Nevertheless, Rho-induced cargo segregation was not sufficient to target the apical protein directly; thus, failure to recruit apical targeting machinery also contributes to its indirect itinerary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-374
Number of pages11
JournalTraffic
Volume21
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • apical-basolateral protein sorting
  • biosynthetic protein targeting
  • hepatocyte protein transport
  • RhoA signaling
  • transcytosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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