Louisiana and Mississippi Family Physicians' Contraception Counseling for Adolescents with a Focus on Intrauterine Contraception

Susan E. Rubin, Lauren N. Coy, Qingzhao Yu, Herbert L. Muncie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective The adolescent pregnancy rate in Louisiana (LA) and Mississippi (MS) is one of the highest in the United States. One approach to decrease that rate is to increase contraceptive use. We sought to characterize LA and MS family physicians' (FPs) contraception counseling for adolescents with a focus on the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). Design, Setting, Participants, Interventions, and Main Outcome Measures Online survey of resident and practicing physician members of the LA and MS Academy of FPs. Results Three hundred ninety-eight of 1616 invited FPs responded; 244 were included in our analysis. When counseling adolescents about contraception, respondents “frequently discussed” oral contraceptives and condoms 87.5% (210/240) and 83.8% (202/241) of the time, respectively. Newer and more highly effective contraceptives such as the ring, patch, IUD, and implant were “frequently discussed” only 34.6% (82/237)-39.3% (92/234) of the time. In the previous 6 months, 56% (136/243) of respondents ever discussed an IUD with an adolescent. Respondents were more likely to have discussed IUDs if they learned IUD insertion during residency, had on-site access to IUD inserters, believed they were competent and/or comfortable with IUD counseling. In 5 clinical scenarios asking whether the respondent would recommend an IUD to a 17- or a 27-year-old patient (in all scenarios patients were eligible for an IUD), respondents were restrictive overall and significantly fewer would recommend an IUD for the adolescent. Conclusion Our results suggest that there are missed opportunities for full-scope contraception counseling by LA and MS FPs. When these FPs counsel adolescents about contraception they less frequently discuss newer methods and more highly effective methods. Additionally many LA and MS FPs use overly restrictive eligibility criteria when considering IUDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-463
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Contraception counseling
  • Family physician
  • Intrauterine device
  • Primary care counseling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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