Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) for polymorphic markers flanking the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN-1) gene in parathyroid and pancreatic islet tumors from subjects with familial MEN-1 (FMEN-1) has been well documented and has led to the hypothesis that the MEN-1 gene functions as a tumor suppressor. To assess the role of the MEN-1 gene in the pathogenesis of tumors less commonly associated with MEN-1, we employed a large number of highly informative polymorphic markers closely linked to the MEN-1 gene to study a series of 13 such tumors from subjects with FMEN-1 for LOH at 11q13. We were able to identify LOH far 1 or more 11q13 markers in 2 of 3 pituitary tumors, 3 lung carcinoids, and 1 of 2 lipomas. In every case studied, the allele lost represented the normal allele inherited from the unaffected parent. No LOH was detected in 3 skin angiofibromas, an esophageal leiomyoma, or a renal angiomyolipoma despite the presence of at least 2 informative markers for each tumor. Our results suggest that, like that for parathyroid and pancreatic islet tumors, the pathogenesis of pituitary tumors, lung carcinoids, and lipomas occurring in subjects with FMEN-1 probably involves toss of the normal tumor suppressor function of the MEN-1 gene. Our inability to detect 11q13 LOH in skin angiofibromas, leiomyoma, and angiomyolipoma from subjects with FMEN-1 is consistent with the possibility that these neoplasms arose independently by a mechanism unrelated to the MEN- 1 gene, but a role for the MEN-1 gene in the pathogenesis of these tumors cannot be definitively excluded until the gene itself is identified and evaluated for small intragenic deletions or point mutations in such tumors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical