Long-term outcomes after catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in patients with and without structural heart disease

Saurabh Kumar, Jorge E. Romero, Nishaki K. Mehta, Akira Fujii, Sunil Kapur, Samuel H. Baldinger, Chirag R. Barbhaiya, Bruce A. Koplan, Roy M. John, Laurence M. Epstein, Gregory F. Michaud, Usha B. Tedrow, William G. Stevenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Long-term outcomes after ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation are sparsely described. Objectives The purpose of this study was to describe long-term prognosis after VT ablation in patients with no structural heart disease (no SHD), ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM), and nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). Methods Consecutive patients (N = 695: no SHD, 98; ICM, 358; NICM, 239) ablated for sustained VT were followed for a median of 6 years. Acute procedural parameters (complete success [noninducibility of any VT]) and outcomes after multiple procedures were reported. Results Compared with patients with no SHD or NICM, patients with ICM were the oldest, were more likely to be men, lowest left ventricular ejection fraction, highest drug failures, VT storms, and number of inducible VTs. Complete procedure success was highest in patients with no SHD than in patients with ICM and those with NICM (79%, 56%, 60%, respectively; P < .001). At 6 years, ventricular arrhythmia (VA)–free survival was highest in patients with no SHD (77%) than in patients with ICM (54%) and those with NICM (38%) (P < .001), and overall survival was lowest in patients with ICM (48%), followed by patients with NICM (74%) and patients with no SHD (100%) (P < .001). Age, left ventricular ejection fraction, presence of SHD, acute procedural success (noninducibility of any VT), major complications, need for nonradiofrequency ablation modalities, and VA recurrence were independently associated with all-cause mortality. Conclusion Long-term follow-up after VT ablation shows excellent prognosis in the absence of SHD, highest VA recurrence, and transplantation in patients with NICM and highest mortality in patients with ICM. The extremely low mortality for those without SHD suggests that VT in this population is rarely an initial presentation of a myopathic process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1957-1963
Number of pages7
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catheter ablation
  • Ischemic cardiomyopathy
  • Nonischemic cardiomyopathy
  • Structural heart disease
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Kumar, S., Romero, J. E., Mehta, N. K., Fujii, A., Kapur, S., Baldinger, S. H., Barbhaiya, C. R., Koplan, B. A., John, R. M., Epstein, L. M., Michaud, G. F., Tedrow, U. B., & Stevenson, W. G. (2016). Long-term outcomes after catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia in patients with and without structural heart disease. Heart Rhythm, 13(10), 1957-1963. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2016.07.001