Long-term event-free survival after intensive chemotherapy for Ewing's family of tumors in children and young adults

E. Anders Kolb, Brian H. Kushner, Richard Gorlick, Caroline Laverdiere, John H. Healey, Michael P. LaQuaglia, Andrew G. Huvos, Jing Qin, Ha Thanh Vu, Leonard Wexler, Suzanne Wolden, Paul A. Meyers

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Abstract

Purpose: To improve the long-term event-free survival of patients with Ewing's family of tumors (EFTs) using high-dose, short-term chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: P6 was a prospective study of previously untreated patients with newly diagnosed EFTs. Patients received seven cycles of chemotherapy. Cycles 1, 2, 3, and 6 consisted of cyclophosphamide 2,100 mg/m2/d on days 1 and 2, and a 72-hour continuous infusion of doxorubicin 75 mg/m2 and vincristine 2 mg/m2 starting day 1. Cycles 4, 5, and 7 consisted of 5 consecutive days of ifosfamide 1,800 mg/m2/d and etoposide 100 mg/m2/d. Results: Sixty-eight patients were enrolled from 1991 to 2001 (median age, 18.7 years; range, 3.7 to 39.9 years). At diagnosis, 44 patients had local-regional disease, and 24 had distant metastases. The 4-year event-free survival (EFS) rate for patients with local-regional disease is 82%; overall survival (OS) is 89%. The 4-year EFS rate for patients with distant metastases is 12%; the OS rate is 17.8%. All events occurred within 51 months of diagnosis. Four patients with distant metastases had progressive disease during therapy, and no patient with local-regional disease experienced disease progression during therapy. Conclusion: Sustained EFS and OS can be achieved with intensive chemotherapy in children and young adults with local-regional EFTs. This therapy is relatively ineffective in the treatment of metastatic EFTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3423-3430
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume21
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Kolb, E. A., Kushner, B. H., Gorlick, R., Laverdiere, C., Healey, J. H., LaQuaglia, M. P., Huvos, A. G., Qin, J., Vu, H. T., Wexler, L., Wolden, S., & Meyers, P. A. (2003). Long-term event-free survival after intensive chemotherapy for Ewing's family of tumors in children and young adults. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 21(18), 3423-3430. https://doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2003.10.033