Long non-coding RNA ZFAS1 promotes proliferation and metastasis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma via targeting miR-10a/SKA1 pathway

Dan Dong, Zhongyi Mu, Ning Wei, Mingli Sun, Wei Wang, Na Xin, Yue Shao, Chenghai Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Background: LncRNA ZFAS1 (ZNFX1 antisense RNA1) plays key roles in the occurrence and progression of various cancers, including colorectal cancer, glioma, lung cancer, gastric cancer, and so on. To date, relatively little is known about its potential role in development and/or progression of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Methods: Expression level of ZFAS1 and miR-10a in 60 ccRCC and 20 adjacent non-tumor tissues were determined by using qRT-PCR. The effect of knockdown of ZFAS1 on cell proliferation, migration and invasion were measured by CCK-8 assay, transwell migration and invasion assay, respectively. The correlation of ZFAS1 and miR-10a was analyzed by bioinformatics DIANA TOOLS. Protein and mRNA expression of spindle and kinetochore-associated protein 1(SKA1) were determined by western blot and qRT-PCR analysis, respectively. Interactions between ZFAS1 and miR-10a were verified by luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay, and interactions between miR-10a and SKA1 was verified by a luciferase reporter assay. Results: We observed that high-level expression of ZFAS1 is positively correlated with poor prognosis and shorter overall survival (OS) in patients with ccRCC. Knockdown of ZFAS1 significantly suppressed proliferation, migration and invasion of ccRCC cells. Furthermore, miR-10a was identified as a target of ZFAS1. Silencing miR-10a could attenuate the ability of ZFAS1 in promoting proliferation and metastasis of ccRCC. Subsequently, our studies validated that SKA1, as a key downstream target protein for miR-10a, is responsible for the biological role of ZFAS1. ZFAS1 positively regulated SKA1 expression via sponging miR-10a. Conclusions: Taken together, our findings suggest that ZFAS1 promotes growth and metastasis of ccRCC via targeting miR-10a/SKA1 pathway, which may represent a novel therapeutic target or biomarker for ccRCC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-925
Number of pages9
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC)
  • Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs)
  • miR-10a
  • Spindle and kinetochore-associated protein 1(SKA1)
  • ZNFX1 antisense RNA 1 (ZFAS1)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology


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