Loneliness in HIV-infected smokers

Cassandra A. Stanton, Alyson B. Moadel, Ryung S. Kim, Andrea H. Weinberger, Jonathan Shuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Loneliness is common in persons living with HIV (PLWH). Lonely people smoke at higher rates than the general population, and loneliness is a likely contributor to the ongoing smoking epidemic among PLWH. We explored factors associated with loneliness in a cohort of 272 PLWH smokers enrolled in two separate tobacco treatment trials. Loneliness was independently associated with lack of a spouse or partner, lower educational attainment, "other or unknown" HIV exposure category, depression, anxiety, recent alcohol consumption, and higher daily cigarette consumption. Referral to group therapy reduced loneliness, whereas referral to an individual web-based tobacco treatment did not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-272
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Cigarette
  • HIV
  • Loneliness
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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