Lipolysis sensation by white fat afferent nerves triggers brown fat thermogenesis

John T. Garretson, Laura A. Szymanski, Gary J. Schwartz, Bingzhong Xue, Vitaly Ryu, Timothy J. Bartness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Metabolic challenges, such as a cold environment, stimulate sympathetic neural efferent activity to white adipose tissue (WAT) to drive lipolysis, thereby increasing the availability of free fatty acids as one source of fuel for brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis. WAT is also innervated by sensory nerve fibers that network to metabolic brain areas; moreover, activation of these afferents is reported to increase sympathetic nervous system outflow. However, the endogenous stimuli sufficient to drive WAT afferents during metabolic challenges as well as their functional relation to BAT thermogenesis remain unknown. Method: We tested if local WAT lipolysis directly activates WAT afferent nerves, and then assessed whether this WAT sensory signal affected BAT thermogenesis in Siberian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus). Results: 2-deoxyglucose, a sympathetic nervous system stimulant, caused β-adrenergic receptor dependent increases in inguinal WAT (IWAT) afferent neurophysiological activity. In addition, direct IWAT injections of the β3-AR agonist CL316,243 dose-dependently increased: 1) phosphorylation of IWAT hormone sensitive lipase, an indicator of SNS-stimulated lipolysis, 2) expression of the neuronal activation marker c-Fos in dorsal root ganglion neurons receiving sensory input from IWAT, and 3) IWAT afferent neurophysiological activity, an increase blocked by antilipolytic agent 3,5-dimethylpyrazole. Finally, we demonstrated that IWAT afferent activation by lipolysis triggers interscapular BAT thermogenesis through a neural link between these two tissues. Conclusions: These data suggest IWAT lipolysis activates local IWAT afferents triggering a neural circuit from WAT to BAT that acutely induces BAT thermogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMolecular Metabolism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 7 2016

Keywords

  • Adipose innervation
  • BAT thermogenesis
  • Denervation
  • Lipolysis
  • WAT sensory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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