Linkage analysis for autism in a subset families with obsessive-compulsive behaviors: Evidence for an autism susceptibility gene on chromosome 1 and further support for susceptibility genes on chromosome 6 and 19

J. D. Buxbaum, J. Silverman, M. Keddache, C. J. Smith, E. Hollander, N. Ramoz, J. G. Reichert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although there is considerable evidence for a strong genetic component to idiopathic autism, several genome-wide screens for susceptibility genes have been carried out with limited concordance of linked loci, reflecting numerous genes of weak effect and/or sample heterogeneity. In the current study, linkage analysis was carried out in a sample of 62 autism-affected relative pairs with more severe obsessive-compulsive behaviors, selected from a larger (n = 115) set of autism-affected relative pairs as a means of reducing sample heterogeneity. Obsessive-compulsive behaviors were assessed using the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R). In the sample with more severe obsessive-compulsive behaviors, multipoint NPL scores above 2 were observed on chromosomes 1, 4, 5, 6, 10, 11 and 19, with the strongest evidence for linkage on chromosome 1 at the marker D1S1656, where the multipoint NPL score was 3.06, and the two-point NPL score was 3.21. In follow-up analyses, analyzing the subset of families (n = 35) where the patients had the most severe obsessive-compulsive behaviors generated a multipoint NPL score of 2.76, and a two-point NPL score of 2.79, indicating that the bulk of evidence for linkage was derived from the families most severely affected with obsessive-compulsive behaviors. The data suggest that there is an autism susceptibility gene on chromosome 1 and provide further support for the presence of autism susceptibility genes on chromosomes 6 and 19.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-150
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Psychiatry
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autistic disorder
  • OCD
  • Repetitive behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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