Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory

R. Atkins, W. Benbow, D. Berley, E. Blaufuss, J. Bussons, D. G. Coyne, T. DeYoung, B. L. Dingus, D. E. Dorfan, R. W. Ellsworth, L. Fleysher, Roman Fleysher, G. Gisler, M. M. Gonzalez, J. A. Goodman, T. J. Haines, E. Hays, C. M. Hoffman, L. A. Kelley, J. E. McEnery & 16 others R. S. Miller, A. I. Mincer, M. F. Morales, P. Nemethy, D. Noyes, J. M. Ryan, F. W. Samuelson, A. Shoup, G. Sinnis, A. J. Smith, G. W. Sullivan, D. A. Williams, S. Westerhoff, M. E. Wilson, X. Xu, G. B. Yodh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Milagro telescope monitors the northern sky for 100 GeV-100 TeV transient emission through continuous very high energy (VHE) wide-field observations. The large effective area and ∼100 GeV energy threshold of Milagro allow it to detect VHE gamma-ray burst (GRB) emission with much higher sensitivity than previous instruments and a fluence sensitivity at VHE energies comparable to that of dedicated GRB satellites at keV-MeV energies. Even in the absence of a positive detection, VHE observations can place important constraints on GRB progenitor and emission models. We present limits on the VHE flux of 40 s-3 hr duration transients near Earth as well as sensitivity distributions that have been corrected for gamma-ray absorption by extragalactic background light and cosmological effects. The sensitivity distributions suggest that the typical intrinsic VHE fluence of GRBs is similar to or weaker than the keV-MeV emission, and we demonstrate how these sensitivity distributions may be used to place observational constraints on the absolute VHE luminosity of GRBs for any GRB emission and progenitor model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume604
Issue number1 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 2004
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

gamma ray bursts
observatories
observatory
energy
sensitivity
fluence
gamma ray absorption
northern sky
energy flux
luminosity
telescopes
thresholds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Atkins, R., Benbow, W., Berley, D., Blaufuss, E., Bussons, J., Coyne, D. G., ... Yodh, G. B. (2004). Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory. Astrophysical Journal, 604(1 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/383414

Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory. / Atkins, R.; Benbow, W.; Berley, D.; Blaufuss, E.; Bussons, J.; Coyne, D. G.; DeYoung, T.; Dingus, B. L.; Dorfan, D. E.; Ellsworth, R. W.; Fleysher, L.; Fleysher, Roman; Gisler, G.; Gonzalez, M. M.; Goodman, J. A.; Haines, T. J.; Hays, E.; Hoffman, C. M.; Kelley, L. A.; McEnery, J. E.; Miller, R. S.; Mincer, A. I.; Morales, M. F.; Nemethy, P.; Noyes, D.; Ryan, J. M.; Samuelson, F. W.; Shoup, A.; Sinnis, G.; Smith, A. J.; Sullivan, G. W.; Williams, D. A.; Westerhoff, S.; Wilson, M. E.; Xu, X.; Yodh, G. B.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 604, No. 1 II, 20.03.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Atkins, R, Benbow, W, Berley, D, Blaufuss, E, Bussons, J, Coyne, DG, DeYoung, T, Dingus, BL, Dorfan, DE, Ellsworth, RW, Fleysher, L, Fleysher, R, Gisler, G, Gonzalez, MM, Goodman, JA, Haines, TJ, Hays, E, Hoffman, CM, Kelley, LA, McEnery, JE, Miller, RS, Mincer, AI, Morales, MF, Nemethy, P, Noyes, D, Ryan, JM, Samuelson, FW, Shoup, A, Sinnis, G, Smith, AJ, Sullivan, GW, Williams, DA, Westerhoff, S, Wilson, ME, Xu, X & Yodh, GB 2004, 'Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 604, no. 1 II. https://doi.org/10.1086/383414
Atkins R, Benbow W, Berley D, Blaufuss E, Bussons J, Coyne DG et al. Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory. Astrophysical Journal. 2004 Mar 20;604(1 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/383414
Atkins, R. ; Benbow, W. ; Berley, D. ; Blaufuss, E. ; Bussons, J. ; Coyne, D. G. ; DeYoung, T. ; Dingus, B. L. ; Dorfan, D. E. ; Ellsworth, R. W. ; Fleysher, L. ; Fleysher, Roman ; Gisler, G. ; Gonzalez, M. M. ; Goodman, J. A. ; Haines, T. J. ; Hays, E. ; Hoffman, C. M. ; Kelley, L. A. ; McEnery, J. E. ; Miller, R. S. ; Mincer, A. I. ; Morales, M. F. ; Nemethy, P. ; Noyes, D. ; Ryan, J. M. ; Samuelson, F. W. ; Shoup, A. ; Sinnis, G. ; Smith, A. J. ; Sullivan, G. W. ; Williams, D. A. ; Westerhoff, S. ; Wilson, M. E. ; Xu, X. ; Yodh, G. B. / Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 604, No. 1 II.
@article{60150ecfab7e4cda92d2854c29380358,
title = "Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory",
abstract = "The Milagro telescope monitors the northern sky for 100 GeV-100 TeV transient emission through continuous very high energy (VHE) wide-field observations. The large effective area and ∼100 GeV energy threshold of Milagro allow it to detect VHE gamma-ray burst (GRB) emission with much higher sensitivity than previous instruments and a fluence sensitivity at VHE energies comparable to that of dedicated GRB satellites at keV-MeV energies. Even in the absence of a positive detection, VHE observations can place important constraints on GRB progenitor and emission models. We present limits on the VHE flux of 40 s-3 hr duration transients near Earth as well as sensitivity distributions that have been corrected for gamma-ray absorption by extragalactic background light and cosmological effects. The sensitivity distributions suggest that the typical intrinsic VHE fluence of GRBs is similar to or weaker than the keV-MeV emission, and we demonstrate how these sensitivity distributions may be used to place observational constraints on the absolute VHE luminosity of GRBs for any GRB emission and progenitor model.",
author = "R. Atkins and W. Benbow and D. Berley and E. Blaufuss and J. Bussons and Coyne, {D. G.} and T. DeYoung and Dingus, {B. L.} and Dorfan, {D. E.} and Ellsworth, {R. W.} and L. Fleysher and Roman Fleysher and G. Gisler and Gonzalez, {M. M.} and Goodman, {J. A.} and Haines, {T. J.} and E. Hays and Hoffman, {C. M.} and Kelley, {L. A.} and McEnery, {J. E.} and Miller, {R. S.} and Mincer, {A. I.} and Morales, {M. F.} and P. Nemethy and D. Noyes and Ryan, {J. M.} and Samuelson, {F. W.} and A. Shoup and G. Sinnis and Smith, {A. J.} and Sullivan, {G. W.} and Williams, {D. A.} and S. Westerhoff and Wilson, {M. E.} and X. Xu and Yodh, {G. B.}",
year = "2004",
month = "3",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1086/383414",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "604",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1 II",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Limits on very high energy emission from gamma-ray bursts with the Milagro observatory

AU - Atkins, R.

AU - Benbow, W.

AU - Berley, D.

AU - Blaufuss, E.

AU - Bussons, J.

AU - Coyne, D. G.

AU - DeYoung, T.

AU - Dingus, B. L.

AU - Dorfan, D. E.

AU - Ellsworth, R. W.

AU - Fleysher, L.

AU - Fleysher, Roman

AU - Gisler, G.

AU - Gonzalez, M. M.

AU - Goodman, J. A.

AU - Haines, T. J.

AU - Hays, E.

AU - Hoffman, C. M.

AU - Kelley, L. A.

AU - McEnery, J. E.

AU - Miller, R. S.

AU - Mincer, A. I.

AU - Morales, M. F.

AU - Nemethy, P.

AU - Noyes, D.

AU - Ryan, J. M.

AU - Samuelson, F. W.

AU - Shoup, A.

AU - Sinnis, G.

AU - Smith, A. J.

AU - Sullivan, G. W.

AU - Williams, D. A.

AU - Westerhoff, S.

AU - Wilson, M. E.

AU - Xu, X.

AU - Yodh, G. B.

PY - 2004/3/20

Y1 - 2004/3/20

N2 - The Milagro telescope monitors the northern sky for 100 GeV-100 TeV transient emission through continuous very high energy (VHE) wide-field observations. The large effective area and ∼100 GeV energy threshold of Milagro allow it to detect VHE gamma-ray burst (GRB) emission with much higher sensitivity than previous instruments and a fluence sensitivity at VHE energies comparable to that of dedicated GRB satellites at keV-MeV energies. Even in the absence of a positive detection, VHE observations can place important constraints on GRB progenitor and emission models. We present limits on the VHE flux of 40 s-3 hr duration transients near Earth as well as sensitivity distributions that have been corrected for gamma-ray absorption by extragalactic background light and cosmological effects. The sensitivity distributions suggest that the typical intrinsic VHE fluence of GRBs is similar to or weaker than the keV-MeV emission, and we demonstrate how these sensitivity distributions may be used to place observational constraints on the absolute VHE luminosity of GRBs for any GRB emission and progenitor model.

AB - The Milagro telescope monitors the northern sky for 100 GeV-100 TeV transient emission through continuous very high energy (VHE) wide-field observations. The large effective area and ∼100 GeV energy threshold of Milagro allow it to detect VHE gamma-ray burst (GRB) emission with much higher sensitivity than previous instruments and a fluence sensitivity at VHE energies comparable to that of dedicated GRB satellites at keV-MeV energies. Even in the absence of a positive detection, VHE observations can place important constraints on GRB progenitor and emission models. We present limits on the VHE flux of 40 s-3 hr duration transients near Earth as well as sensitivity distributions that have been corrected for gamma-ray absorption by extragalactic background light and cosmological effects. The sensitivity distributions suggest that the typical intrinsic VHE fluence of GRBs is similar to or weaker than the keV-MeV emission, and we demonstrate how these sensitivity distributions may be used to place observational constraints on the absolute VHE luminosity of GRBs for any GRB emission and progenitor model.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=2442546662&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=2442546662&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/383414

DO - 10.1086/383414

M3 - Article

VL - 604

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1 II

ER -