We recently reported that forced overexpression of the transcription factor E2F-1 in human HT-1080 fibrosarcoma cells resulted in corresponding high levels of thymidylate synthase (TS) and resistance to 5- fluoropyrimidines (D. Banerjee et al., Cancer Res., 58: 4292-4296, 1998). Because colorectal metastasis to the lung has higher TS levels than liver metastasis and is less responsive to treatment with 5-fluorouracil (R. Gorlick et al., J. Clin. Oncol., 16. 1465-1469, 1998), it was, therefore, of interest to measure E2F-1 expression in these tumors. In contrast to marginally increased levels of dihydrofolate reductase and topoisomerase I in lung metastasis as compared with liver metastasis, lung tumors had a 5-fold increase in E2F-1 expression as compared with liver tumors, corresponding to the relative levels of TS in these metastases. These data indicate that there exists a close correlation between E2F-1 and TS levels and provide a rationale for targeting this transcription factor, i.e., E2F-1, for the treatment of certain cancers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - May 1 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research