Leptin Induces Mitochondrial Superoxide Production and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 Expression in Aortic Endothelial Cells by Increasing Fatty Acid Oxidation via Protein Kinase A

Sho Ichi Yamagishi, Diane Edelstein, Xue Liang Du, Yasufumi Kaneda, Manuel Guzmán, Michael Brownlee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

518 Scopus citations

Abstract

Leptin, a circulating hormone secreted mainly from adipose tissues, is involved in the control of body weight. The plasma concentrations are correlated with body mass index, and are reported to be high in patients with insulin resistance, which is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. However, the direct effect of leptin on vascular wall cells is not fully understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of leptin on reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). We found that leptin increases ROS generation in BAEC in a dose-dependent manner and that its effects are additive with those of glucose. Rotenone, thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTFA), carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), Mn(III)tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin (MnTBAP), uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) HVJ-liposomes, or manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) HVJ-liposomes completely prevented the effect of leptin, suggesting that ROS arise from mitochondrial electron transport. Leptin increased fatty acid oxidation by stimulating the activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) and inhibiting that of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), pace-setting enzymes for fatty acid oxidation and synthesis, respectively. Leptin-induced ROS generation, CPT-1 activation, ACC inhibition, and MCP-1 overproduction were found to be completely prevented by either genistein, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, H-89, a protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, or tetradecylglycidate, a CPT-1 inhibitor. Leptin activated PKA, and the effects of leptin were inhibited by the cAMP antagonist Rp-cAMPS. These results suggest that leptin induces ROS generation by increasing fatty acid oxidation via PKA activation, which may play an important role in the progression of atherosclerosis in insulin-resistant obese diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25096-25100
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 6 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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