lec32 Is a new mutation in Chinese hamster ovary cells that essentially abrogates CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase activity

Barry Potvin, T. Shantha Raju, Pamela Stanley

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Abstract

LEC29.Lec32 is a glycosylation mutant that was isolated from a selection of mutagenized Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for lectin resistance. Compared with LEC29 CHO cells, the double mutant exhibited an unusually high sensitivity to the toxic lectin, ricin, indicating increased exposure of galactose residues on cell surface carbohydrates. Structural analysis of LEC29.Lec32 cellular glycoproteins showed a nearly complete lack of sialic acid residues. Genetic analysis demonstrated that the lec32 mutation is recessive and novel. Biochemical analysis showed that the mutant cells contained less than 5% of the cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (CMP-NeuAc) present in parental CHO cells (1.6 nmol/mg of cell protein). A sensitive radiochemical assay used to measure CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity showed that the properties of this enzyme in parental CHO cells were essentially identical to those of CMP-NeuAc synthetase in various mammalian tissues. However, no CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity was detected in LEC29.Lec32 extracts. Mixing experiments provided no evidence for an inhibitor in the mutant CHO cells, and two revertants, which expressed only the LEC29 phenotype, had normal CMP-NeuAc synthetase levels. The combined evidence indicates that the lec32 mutation resides in either the structural gene encoding CMP-NeuAc synthetase or in a gene that regulates the production of active enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30415-30421
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 1995

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N-Acylneuraminate Cytidylyltransferase
Neuraminic Acids
Cytidine
Cricetulus
Cytidine Monophosphate
Ligases
Ovary
Cells
Mutation
Lectins
Glycosylation
Ricin
Gene encoding
Poisons
N-Acetylneuraminic Acid
Enzymes
Galactose
Structural analysis
Assays
Glycoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

lec32 Is a new mutation in Chinese hamster ovary cells that essentially abrogates CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase activity. / Potvin, Barry; Raju, T. Shantha; Stanley, Pamela.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 270, No. 51, 22.12.1995, p. 30415-30421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "lec32 Is a new mutation in Chinese hamster ovary cells that essentially abrogates CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase activity",
abstract = "LEC29.Lec32 is a glycosylation mutant that was isolated from a selection of mutagenized Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for lectin resistance. Compared with LEC29 CHO cells, the double mutant exhibited an unusually high sensitivity to the toxic lectin, ricin, indicating increased exposure of galactose residues on cell surface carbohydrates. Structural analysis of LEC29.Lec32 cellular glycoproteins showed a nearly complete lack of sialic acid residues. Genetic analysis demonstrated that the lec32 mutation is recessive and novel. Biochemical analysis showed that the mutant cells contained less than 5{\%} of the cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (CMP-NeuAc) present in parental CHO cells (1.6 nmol/mg of cell protein). A sensitive radiochemical assay used to measure CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity showed that the properties of this enzyme in parental CHO cells were essentially identical to those of CMP-NeuAc synthetase in various mammalian tissues. However, no CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity was detected in LEC29.Lec32 extracts. Mixing experiments provided no evidence for an inhibitor in the mutant CHO cells, and two revertants, which expressed only the LEC29 phenotype, had normal CMP-NeuAc synthetase levels. The combined evidence indicates that the lec32 mutation resides in either the structural gene encoding CMP-NeuAc synthetase or in a gene that regulates the production of active enzyme.",
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T1 - lec32 Is a new mutation in Chinese hamster ovary cells that essentially abrogates CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid synthetase activity

AU - Potvin, Barry

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AU - Stanley, Pamela

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N2 - LEC29.Lec32 is a glycosylation mutant that was isolated from a selection of mutagenized Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for lectin resistance. Compared with LEC29 CHO cells, the double mutant exhibited an unusually high sensitivity to the toxic lectin, ricin, indicating increased exposure of galactose residues on cell surface carbohydrates. Structural analysis of LEC29.Lec32 cellular glycoproteins showed a nearly complete lack of sialic acid residues. Genetic analysis demonstrated that the lec32 mutation is recessive and novel. Biochemical analysis showed that the mutant cells contained less than 5% of the cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (CMP-NeuAc) present in parental CHO cells (1.6 nmol/mg of cell protein). A sensitive radiochemical assay used to measure CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity showed that the properties of this enzyme in parental CHO cells were essentially identical to those of CMP-NeuAc synthetase in various mammalian tissues. However, no CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity was detected in LEC29.Lec32 extracts. Mixing experiments provided no evidence for an inhibitor in the mutant CHO cells, and two revertants, which expressed only the LEC29 phenotype, had normal CMP-NeuAc synthetase levels. The combined evidence indicates that the lec32 mutation resides in either the structural gene encoding CMP-NeuAc synthetase or in a gene that regulates the production of active enzyme.

AB - LEC29.Lec32 is a glycosylation mutant that was isolated from a selection of mutagenized Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells for lectin resistance. Compared with LEC29 CHO cells, the double mutant exhibited an unusually high sensitivity to the toxic lectin, ricin, indicating increased exposure of galactose residues on cell surface carbohydrates. Structural analysis of LEC29.Lec32 cellular glycoproteins showed a nearly complete lack of sialic acid residues. Genetic analysis demonstrated that the lec32 mutation is recessive and novel. Biochemical analysis showed that the mutant cells contained less than 5% of the cytidine 5'-monophosphate N-acetyl-neuraminic acid (CMP-NeuAc) present in parental CHO cells (1.6 nmol/mg of cell protein). A sensitive radiochemical assay used to measure CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity showed that the properties of this enzyme in parental CHO cells were essentially identical to those of CMP-NeuAc synthetase in various mammalian tissues. However, no CMP-NeuAc synthetase activity was detected in LEC29.Lec32 extracts. Mixing experiments provided no evidence for an inhibitor in the mutant CHO cells, and two revertants, which expressed only the LEC29 phenotype, had normal CMP-NeuAc synthetase levels. The combined evidence indicates that the lec32 mutation resides in either the structural gene encoding CMP-NeuAc synthetase or in a gene that regulates the production of active enzyme.

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