Large variations in the proteolytic formation of a chromogranin A-derived peptide (GE-25) in neuroendocrine tissues

R. Kirchmair, B. Leitner, R. Fischer-Colbrie, J. Marksteiner, R. Hogue-Angeletti, H. Winkler

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Abstract

We have established a radioimmunoassay for GE-25, a peptide present in the C-terminal end of the primary amino acid sequence of chromogranin A where it is flanked by typical proteolytic cleavage sites. Gel-filtration HPLC was used to characterize the molecular sizes of the immunoreactive molecules. The antiserum recognized not only the free peptide but also larger precursors including the proprotein chromogranin A. The tissues with the highest levels of GE-25 immunoreactivity were in decreasing order: the adrenal medulla, the three lobes of the pituitary gland, intestinal mucosa, pancreas and various brain regions. In adrenal medulla and parathyroid gland most of the immunoreactivity was found to be present as intact chromogranin A and some intermediate-sized peptides, without significant amounts of the free peptide. In anterior pituitary, and even more so in intestine, a shift to smaller peptides was seen. In the posterior and intermediate pituitary and in pancreas the predominant immunoreactive material was apparently represented by the free peptide GE-25. In reverse-phase chromatography this peptide eluted exactly like the synthetic standard, which allows a tentative identification as GE-25. In brain tissue the processing of chromogranin A was intermediate, with significant amounts of immunoreactivity corresponding to GE-25 as well as precursor proteins being present. We suggest that in those organs (endocrine pancreas, intermediate and posterior pituitary) where the major hormones are proteolytically processed there is also a concomitant proteolysis of further susceptible peptides. Since GE-25 is apparently formed in vivo and is well conserved between species it seems a good candidate for having specific physiological functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume310
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Kirchmair, R., Leitner, B., Fischer-Colbrie, R., Marksteiner, J., Hogue-Angeletti, R., & Winkler, H. (1995). Large variations in the proteolytic formation of a chromogranin A-derived peptide (GE-25) in neuroendocrine tissues. Biochemical Journal, 310(1), 331-336. https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3100331