Background and Objectives: To review phase II and phase III treatments of symptomatic uterine fibroids (myomas) using laparoscopic radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation (RFVTA). Methods: We performed a retrospective, multicenter clinical analysis of 206 consecutive cases of ultrasoundguided laparoscopic RFVTA of symptomatic myomas conducted on an outpatient basis under two phase II studies at 2 sites (n = 69) and one phase III study at 11 sites (n = 137). Descriptive and exploratory, general trend, and matched-pair analyses were applied. Results: From baseline to 12 months in the phase II study, the mean transformed symptom severity scores improved from 53.9 to 8.8 (P<.001) (n = 57), health-related quality-of-life scores improved from 48.5 to 92.0 (P <.001) (n = 57), and mean uterine volume decreased from 204.4 cm3 to 151.4 cm3 (P =.008) (n = 58). Patients missed a median of 4 days of work (range, 2-10 days). The rate of possible device-related adverse events was 1.4% (1 of 69). In the phase III study, approximately 98% of patients were assessed at 12 months, and their transformed symptom severity scores, health-related qualityof- life scores, mean decrease in uterine volume, and mean menstrual bleeding reduction were also significant. Patients in phase III missed a median of 5 days of work (range, 1-29 days). The rate of periprocedural devicerelated adverse events was 3.5% (5 of 137). Despite the enrollment requirement for patients in both phases to have completed childbearing, 4 pregnancies occurred within the first year after treatment. Conclusions: RFVTA does not require any uterine incisions and provides a uterine-sparing procedure with rapid recovery, significant reduction in uterine size, significant reduction or elimination of myoma symptoms, and significant improvement in quality of life.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons|
|State||Published - 2014|
- Laparoscopic ultrasound
- Radiofrequency ablation
ASJC Scopus subject areas