Laboratory evaluation of a low prime closed-circuit cardiopulmonary bypass system

J. J. Sistino, R. E. Michler, L. B. Mongero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have explored the potential advantages of a low prime closed-circuit cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) system using a non-human primate model. Although manufacturers have reduced priming volumes in individual CPB components, the standard circuit volume remains high because of the tubing diameter and length necessary for gravity drainage. By replacing gravity drainage with the negative pressure generated by a centrifugal pump, we can realize significant tubing volume reduction. Closed-circuit bypass was conducted on 13 baboons ranging from 5-15 kg. The circuit consisted of a centrifugal pump, a hollow fiber oxygenator, and 1/4 '' arterial and venous tubing. The design of the circuit included the capacity to remove a limited amount of venous air. Circulatory arrest during deep hypothermia with volume displacement into a reservoir was also accomplished with this circuit. The potential benefits of this low prime closed-circuit bypass system include blood conservation and reduction in blood surface area contact. The future safe clinical use of this type of closed-circuit bypass for routine open heart surgery will depend upon the incorporation of a device in the venous line to remove air. This is the greatest threat to patient safety in a closed circuit system and its use for open chest surgery must wait until an efficient venous air elimination device is available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-119
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Extra-Corporeal Technology
Volume24
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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