K+-induced alterations of energetics and exchange diffusion in the carrier-mediated transport of the folic acid analog, methotrexate, in ehrlich ascites tumor cells

David W. Fry, Raymond L. Cybulski, I. David Goldman

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Abstract

The bidirectional fluxes and energetics of methotrexate transport in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells were profoundly altered in a high [K+], low [Na+] buffer (K+ buffer). Incubation of cells for 30 min in K+ buffer reduced influx by 27% and the efflux rate constant by 53%. This asymmetrical inhibition of bidirectional fluxes increased the net exchangeable intracellular methotrexate level per cell, but the actual intracellular methotrexate concentration at the steady state was similar to that in Na+ buffer, since the high [K+] caused an increase in intracellular water. Because cells exposed to K+ buffer were depolarized, the apparent electrochemical potential difference for methotrexate was markedly reduced. However, the steady-state intracellular methotrexate level was still related to the extracellular concentration by an absorption isotherm, indicating asymmetry in the bidirectional fluxes similar to that observed in Na+ buffer and thus predicting that transmembrane gradients would be produced at very low extracellular methotrexate concentrations. Glucose, which had little effect on bidirectional fluxes and reduced the steady-state level of methotrexate in Na+ buffer, stimulated influx, inhibited efflux and rapidly increased the steady state in K+ buffer similar to the effects of glucose in the presence of iodoacetate in Na+ buffer. Finally, cells exposed to K+ buffer exhibited trans-stimulation of [3H]methotrexate influx when loaded with non-labeled methotrexate, a phenomenon not observed in Na+ buffer. The results indicate that although methotrexate transport is not affected by transient changes in the cationic composition of the extracellular compartment, prolonged exposure of cells to a high [K+], low [Na+] environment markedly alters the physical properties of the cells and the transport parameters for methotrexate and reveals characteristics of the methotrexate carrier system that are not evident in other buffer systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-170
Number of pages14
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume603
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 1980
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • (Ehrlich ascites tumor cell)
  • Electrochemical potential difference
  • K
  • Methotrexate transport
  • Na

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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