Kinetic and mechanistic characterization of recombinant Lactobacillus viridescens FemX (UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl pentapeptide-lysine N6-alanyltransferase)

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Abstract

The FemABX family encodes enzymes that incorporate L-amino acids into the interchain peptide bridge of Gram-positive cell wall peptidoglycan and are novel nonribosomal peptidyl transferases that use aminoacyl-tRNA as the amino acid donor. We previously reported the identification of the femX gene from Lactobacillus viridescens and recombinant expression of active FemX (LvFemX) that catalyzes the transfer of L-Ala from Ala-tRNAAla to the ε-amino group of L-lysine of UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide (Hegde, S. S., and Shrader, T. E. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 6998-7003). Recombinant LvFemX exhibits Km values of 42 and 15 μM for UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide and Escherichia coli Ala-tRNAAla, respectively, and exhibited a kcat value of 660 min-1. Initial velocity and inhibition kinetic studies support an ordered sequential mechanism for the enzyme, and we propose that catalysis proceeds via a ternary complex. The pH dependence of the activity was bell-shaped, depending on the ionization state of two groups exhibiting apparent pKa values of 5.5 and 9.3. Chemical modification of the enzyme and the kinetics of inactivation, and protection by substrate, indicated the involvement of carboxyl groups in the catalytic function of the enzyme. Site-directed mutagenesis identified Asp109 as a candidate for the catalytic base and Glu320 plays an additional important role in the catalytic function of the enzyme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22861-22867
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2003

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Uridine Diphosphate
Lactobacillus
Lysine
RNA, Transfer, Ala
Kinetics
Enzymes
Amino Acid-Specific Transfer RNA
Peptidyl Transferases
Amino Acids
Mutagenesis
Peptidoglycan
Chemical modification
Site-Directed Mutagenesis
Transfer RNA
Catalysis
Cell Wall
Escherichia coli
Ionization
Genes
Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Kinetic and mechanistic characterization of recombinant Lactobacillus viridescens FemX (UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl pentapeptide-lysine N6-alanyltransferase)",
abstract = "The FemABX family encodes enzymes that incorporate L-amino acids into the interchain peptide bridge of Gram-positive cell wall peptidoglycan and are novel nonribosomal peptidyl transferases that use aminoacyl-tRNA as the amino acid donor. We previously reported the identification of the femX gene from Lactobacillus viridescens and recombinant expression of active FemX (LvFemX) that catalyzes the transfer of L-Ala from Ala-tRNAAla to the ε-amino group of L-lysine of UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide (Hegde, S. S., and Shrader, T. E. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 6998-7003). Recombinant LvFemX exhibits Km values of 42 and 15 μM for UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide and Escherichia coli Ala-tRNAAla, respectively, and exhibited a kcat value of 660 min-1. Initial velocity and inhibition kinetic studies support an ordered sequential mechanism for the enzyme, and we propose that catalysis proceeds via a ternary complex. The pH dependence of the activity was bell-shaped, depending on the ionization state of two groups exhibiting apparent pKa values of 5.5 and 9.3. Chemical modification of the enzyme and the kinetics of inactivation, and protection by substrate, indicated the involvement of carboxyl groups in the catalytic function of the enzyme. Site-directed mutagenesis identified Asp109 as a candidate for the catalytic base and Glu320 plays an additional important role in the catalytic function of the enzyme.",
author = "Subray Hegde and Blanchard, {John S.}",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
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T1 - Kinetic and mechanistic characterization of recombinant Lactobacillus viridescens FemX (UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl pentapeptide-lysine N6-alanyltransferase)

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AU - Blanchard, John S.

PY - 2003/6/20

Y1 - 2003/6/20

N2 - The FemABX family encodes enzymes that incorporate L-amino acids into the interchain peptide bridge of Gram-positive cell wall peptidoglycan and are novel nonribosomal peptidyl transferases that use aminoacyl-tRNA as the amino acid donor. We previously reported the identification of the femX gene from Lactobacillus viridescens and recombinant expression of active FemX (LvFemX) that catalyzes the transfer of L-Ala from Ala-tRNAAla to the ε-amino group of L-lysine of UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide (Hegde, S. S., and Shrader, T. E. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 6998-7003). Recombinant LvFemX exhibits Km values of 42 and 15 μM for UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide and Escherichia coli Ala-tRNAAla, respectively, and exhibited a kcat value of 660 min-1. Initial velocity and inhibition kinetic studies support an ordered sequential mechanism for the enzyme, and we propose that catalysis proceeds via a ternary complex. The pH dependence of the activity was bell-shaped, depending on the ionization state of two groups exhibiting apparent pKa values of 5.5 and 9.3. Chemical modification of the enzyme and the kinetics of inactivation, and protection by substrate, indicated the involvement of carboxyl groups in the catalytic function of the enzyme. Site-directed mutagenesis identified Asp109 as a candidate for the catalytic base and Glu320 plays an additional important role in the catalytic function of the enzyme.

AB - The FemABX family encodes enzymes that incorporate L-amino acids into the interchain peptide bridge of Gram-positive cell wall peptidoglycan and are novel nonribosomal peptidyl transferases that use aminoacyl-tRNA as the amino acid donor. We previously reported the identification of the femX gene from Lactobacillus viridescens and recombinant expression of active FemX (LvFemX) that catalyzes the transfer of L-Ala from Ala-tRNAAla to the ε-amino group of L-lysine of UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide (Hegde, S. S., and Shrader, T. E. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 6998-7003). Recombinant LvFemX exhibits Km values of 42 and 15 μM for UDP-MurNAc pentapeptide and Escherichia coli Ala-tRNAAla, respectively, and exhibited a kcat value of 660 min-1. Initial velocity and inhibition kinetic studies support an ordered sequential mechanism for the enzyme, and we propose that catalysis proceeds via a ternary complex. The pH dependence of the activity was bell-shaped, depending on the ionization state of two groups exhibiting apparent pKa values of 5.5 and 9.3. Chemical modification of the enzyme and the kinetics of inactivation, and protection by substrate, indicated the involvement of carboxyl groups in the catalytic function of the enzyme. Site-directed mutagenesis identified Asp109 as a candidate for the catalytic base and Glu320 plays an additional important role in the catalytic function of the enzyme.

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