Kidney transplant complications from undiagnosed benign prostatic hypertrophy

Michelle Lubetzky, Maria Ajaimy, Layla Kamal, Graciela de Boccardo, Enver Akalin, Liise Kayler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is estimated that approximately 50% of males over 50 have benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). BPH is underappreciated in anuric patients with end stage renal disease, and failure of diagnosis in this population can lead to complications after kidney transplantation. Methods: A single-center retrospective review of male patients over 50 yr of age transplanted from January 1, 2010, until September 30, 2013, was performed. Outcomes assessed were as follows: graft survival, urinary retention, discharge with Foley catheter, and urinary tract infection (UTI). Results: Of 147 patients, 17.0% were diagnosed with BPH before transplant, 19.0% received a BPH diagnosis after transplant, and 64% did not have BPH. Compared to those without BPH, a post-transplant BPH diagnosis was associated with urinary retention during the transplant admission (0% vs. 46.4%, p < 0.01), discharge with Foley catheter (0% vs. 21.4%, p < 0.01), readmission related to urinary retention (0% vs. 46.4%, p < 0.01), and UTI (18.0% vs. 64.3%, p < 0.01). Patients with prior diagnosis of BPH and on therapy had similar outcomes to those without BPH. Conclusions: Following kidney transplant, urinary tract complications are more common in patients with BPH; however, being on medical therapy prior to transplantation diminishes the incidence of these complications significantly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-542
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Complications
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Prostatic hypertrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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