Karyotypic complexity, TP53 pathogenic variants, and increased number of variants on Next-Generation Sequencing are associated with disease progression in a North American Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma cohort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma (ATLL) is an aggressive T-cell malignancy without known characteristic cytogenetic abnormalities. Recurrent mutations in TP53, APC, and epigenetic and histone-modifying genes have been identified in North American ATLL. Their roles in disease progression are not yet fully elucidated. Methods: We studied the cytogenetic and Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) findings of the North American ATLL cohort at our institution and compared the findings with Japanese and other North American cohorts. We also analyzed the genetic variants in TP53, APC, and histone-modifying genes and investigated the impact of their mutations on the number of mutations via NGS in ATLL. Results: Cases with more than 6 chromosomal breaks (n = 13) had significantly shorter overall survival compared to cases with fewer chromosomal breaks (n = 7) (P =.0007). Cases with breaks on chromosome 3q (n = 4) exhibited worse survival compared to the rest of the cases (n = 16) (P =.012). Chromosomal abnormalities on 3q, 14q, 1q, 1p, and 17q are likely primary changes in ATLL based on frequency and association with prognosis. The average number of mutations via NGS was significantly higher in cases with mutations in TP53 (n = 8) (P =.020) as well as APC (n = 6) (P =.024) compared to cases without mutations in these genes. All TP53 variants were pathogenic missense and truncating mutations in COSMIC database. Conclusion: Cytogenetic and NGS methods are useful tools to monitor disease progression in indolent ATLL and assess prognosis in aggressive ATLL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)651-657
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • APC
  • Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
  • Next-Generation Sequencing
  • TP53
  • cytogenetics
  • molecular diagnostics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Karyotypic complexity, TP53 pathogenic variants, and increased number of variants on Next-Generation Sequencing are associated with disease progression in a North American Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma cohort'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this