A high molecular weight actin-binding protein with subunit mass of 240 kilodaltons has been purified from vegetative amoebae of Dictyostelium discoideum. Briefly, a cell extract was prepared by homogenizing vegetative amoebae in 5 mM EGTA, 5 mM 1,4-piperazineethanesulfonic acid, 1 mM dithiothreitol, 0.02% NaN3, pH 7.0, followed by ultracentrifugation at 114,000 x g for 1 h. The 240-kDa protein in this extract was separated from actin by chromatography on ATP-saturated DEAE-cellulose and further purified by chromatography on hydroxylapatite and Sephacryl S-300. The 240-kDa protein increases the low shear viscosity of F-actin. Covalent cross-linking with dimethyl suberimidate demonstrates that the 240-kDa protein can form dimers in high salt (500 mM NaCl). Hydrodynamic studies in high salt demonstrate the presence of an asymmetric dimer (Stokes' radius = 8.6 nm, sedimentation coefficient = 12 S, native molecular weight = 434,000, and frictional ratio = 1.7). Rotary shadowing demonstrates that the monomer is a flexible rod of approximately 70 nm in length that can associate end to end to form a dimer of approximately 140 nm in length. The 240-kDa protein cross-reacts with antibodies to chicken gizzard filamin. The properties of the 240-kDa protein suggest that it is a member of the filamin class of actin-associated proteins.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology