A pool of ten monoclonal antibodies of SDS‐insoluble epitopes of Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) was used to screen and adult brain cDNA expression library. Fourteen clones were isolated, two of which are described. The largest of the clones encodes 80 kD, or approximately 600 amino acids, of microtubule‐associated protein 2 (MAP 2). The MAP 2 region encoded by the cline shares at least two epitopes with human tau, another microtubule‐associated protein which cross‐reacts with NFT. In rat brain mRNA, the MAP 2 cDNA hybridizes to a single transcript of 9.5 kb. In human neuroblastoma mRNA, the MAP 2 cDNA hybridizes, at high stringency, to two transcripts of 9.5 kb and 6 kb. The 6‐kb transcript comigrates with the transcript for tau, as detected by a human tau cDNA. The properties of the MAP 2 cDNA suggest that, in humans, MAP 2 and tau have a common domain which may play a role in NFT formation. Another clone isolated with the anti‐NFT antibodies shares epitopes, but not nucleic acid homology, with the MAP 2 cDNA. This clone detects a single abundant transcript of 1 kb present in RNA from human neuroblastoma and from several non‐neuronal human cell lines. The properties of this cDNA suggest that it encodes a protein other than those previously reported to cross‐react with NFT.
- microtubule‐associated protein 2
- neuronal cytoskeleton
- paired helical filaments
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience