Patients who undergo implantation of a tissue-engineered vascular graft (TEVG) for congenital cardiac anomalies are monitored with echocardiography, followed by magnetic resonance imaging or angiography when indicated. While these methods provide data regarding the lumen, minimal information regarding neotissue formation is obtained. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has previously been used in a variety of conditions to evaluate the vessel wall. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of IVUS for evaluation of TEVGs in our ovine model. Eight sheep underwent implantation of TEVGs either unseeded or seeded with bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells. Angiography, IVUS, and histology were directly compared. Endothelium, tunica media, and graft were identifiable on IVUS and histology at multiple time points. There was strong agreement between IVUS and angiography for evaluation of luminal diameter. IVUS offers a valuable tool to evaluate the changes within TEVGs, and clinical translation of this application is warranted.
- Intravascular ultrasound
- Tissue-engineered vascular graft
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine