Objective. The aim of this study was to review the role and safety of intraperitoneal (IP) cisplatin and intravenous (IV) paclitaxel in platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian cancer patients who were found to have small-volume disease (<1 cm) at the time of their second-look procedure. Methods. In a retrospective review, 32 patients with small-volume disease had an IP Bardport catheter placed at the time of second look at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (1995-1998). Patients received IP cisplatin (75 mg/m2) every 3 weeks and either IV paclitaxel (135 mg/m2) every 3 weeks or IV paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) weekly for a maximum of five cycles. Results. Twenty-four (75%) of 32 patients received IP cisplatin/IV paclitaxel every 3 weeks and 8 (25%) received IP cisplatin every 3 weeks with weekly IV paclitaxel. Seven (21.9%) of 32 patients required interruption of treatment secondary to neuropathy. Of these, 4 (15.6%) were changed to another IV chemotherapeutic agent, and 3 (9.3%) required discontinuation of IV paclitaxel only. Two (6%) patients required IP port removal secondary to malfunction and were changed to IV therapy and 1 (3%) requested discontinuation of IP therapy secondary to abdominal pain. Median follow-up was 19 months (mean, 20.1 months; range, 6-36 months). Progression of disease after completion of IP therapy was documented by clinical exam, abnormal CT, and/or rising CA-125 levels. The median progression-free interval was 13 months (mean, 15.1 months; range, 2-33 months). Median overall survival was 27 months (mean, 34.2 months; range, 10-42 months). At the time of review, 13 (40.6%) of the 32 patients were alive with disease, 7 (21.9%) were without evidence of disease, and 12 (37.5%) were dead of disease. Conclusion. IP cisplatin in combination with IV paclitaxel appears to be no more effective than other reported regimens as second-line therapy for patients with persistent small-volume disease. Neurotoxicity is dose limiting, and the combination cannot be recommended for the routine care of persistent peritoneal cancers. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology