Intraoperative management by a craniofacial team anesthesiologist is associated with improved outcomes for children undergoing major craniofacial reconstructive surgery

Srijaya K. Reddy, Roshan S. Patel, Gary F. Rogers, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Robert F. Keating, Sophie R. Pestieau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The benefits of using a dedicated team for complex surgeries are well established for certain specialties, but largely unknown for others. The aim of this study was to determine whether management by a dedicated craniofacial team anesthesiologist would impact perioperative outcomes for children undergoing major surgery for craniosynostosis. Sixty-two children undergoing complex cranial vault reconstruction were identified. Fifty-four patients were managed by the craniofacial anesthesia team, while 8 patients were not. Primary outcome measures were calculated blood loss, red blood cell transfusion volume, blood donor exposures, extubation rate, and postoperative complication rate. Secondary outcome measures included intraoperative opioid administration, crystalloid and colloid administration, intraoperative complication rate, and intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital length of stay. Children cared for by the craniofacial team had significantly lower calculated blood loss, reduced red blood cell transfusion volume, fewer blood donor exposures, less crystalloid administration, higher rate of postoperative extubation, fewer postoperative complications, and decreased ICU and hospital length of stay than patients who were managed by noncraniofacial team anesthesiologists. There were no significant differences in demographics, opioid administration, colloid volume administration, or intraoperative complication rates between the 2 groups. Management by a craniofacial team anesthesiologist was associated with improved outcomes in children undergoing major craniofacial reconstructive surgery. While some variability can be attributed to provider-volume relationship, these findings suggest that children may benefit from a subspecialty anesthesia team-based approach for the management of craniofacial surgery, and potentially other similar high-risk cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)418-423
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Keywords

  • Blood transfusion
  • Craniofacial abnormalities
  • Craniosynostoses
  • Outcome assessment
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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