Intraoperative endovascular surgery for cerebral aneurysms

Grant Sinson, Matthew F. Philips, Eugene S. Flamm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The application of a number of procedures that can be considered intraoperative endovascular neurosurgery has enhanced our ability to treat cerebral aneurysms from the abluminal surface. This study identifies a role for these techniques in the management of difficult aneurysms. A review of the last 1202 aneurysms undergoing direct clipping by the authors disclosed that these methods were used in 62 cases. Of these aneurysms, 36 arose from the internal carotid artery, 12 from the middle cerebral artery, eight from the vertebrobasilar distribution, and six from the anterior cerebral artery. The indications for applying these methods were large size (12-60 mm), intraluminal thrombus, broad neck, plaque at the neck, the potential compromise of the branches at the base of the aneurysm, or a combination of these problems. The most frequently chosen intraoperative technique was suction decompression with direct removal of plaque and thrombus using suction, dissection, and/or ultrasonic aspiration. The application of temporary clips was required in all cases in which the aneurysm was opened before definitive clipping. No special pharmacological cerebral protective regimen was used. In one case in which a greater occlusion time was anticipated, cardiopulmonary bypass with profound hypothermia was performed. A favorable outcome was achieved in 73% of these difficult cases. An increased neurological deficit after surgery was seen in 11%, and the mortality rate was 8%. These methods should be considered and can be anticipated before surgery for unusual aneurysms. Many cases now being considered for embolization may be more suitable for definitive surgical obliteration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-70
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cerebral aneurysm
  • endaneurysmectomy
  • endovascular therapy
  • giant aneurysm
  • surgical technique
  • thrombectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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