Intimate partner violence perpetration against main female partners among HIV-positive male injection drug users

Victoria Frye, Mary H. Latka, Yingfeng Wu, Eduardo E. Valverde, Amy R. Knowlton, Kelly R. Knight, Julia H. Arnsten, Ann O'Leary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a serious public health and social problem and is associated with a host of adverse health outcomes and behaviors, HIV risk behaviors included, among women who are victimized. Historically, research has focused on correlates of IPV victimization among women; thus, there is less information on the role of men in perpetrating IPV, particularly among men at risk for transmitting HIV to their female partners. We assessed the self-reported prevalence and correlates of perpetration and threat of perpetration of physical and/or sexual IPV against a main female partner among 317 HIV-positive men who were current injection drug users (IDUs). More than 40% of men reported perpetrating physical (39%) and/or sexual (4%) violence against their main female partners in the past year. Multivariate analyses revealed that low education, homelessness, psychologic distress, and unprotected sex with main and nonmain HIV-negative female partners were positively associated with IPV perpetration against main female partners. These findings reveal that IPV perpetration is prevalent among HIV-positive male IDUs and associated with sexual HIV transmission risk behaviors. IPV assessment and treatment among HIV-positive men in HIV care is recommended as a way to prevent IPV perpetration and victimization and to reduce potential HIV transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume46
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

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Drug Users
HIV
Injections
Crime Victims
Risk-Taking
Unsafe Sex
Intimate Partner Violence
Homeless Persons
Sexual Partners
Social Problems
Sex Offenses
Multivariate Analysis
Public Health
Education
Health
Research

Keywords

  • Domestic violence
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Injection drug use
  • Sexual HIV risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Immunology

Cite this

Intimate partner violence perpetration against main female partners among HIV-positive male injection drug users. / Frye, Victoria; Latka, Mary H.; Wu, Yingfeng; Valverde, Eduardo E.; Knowlton, Amy R.; Knight, Kelly R.; Arnsten, Julia H.; O'Leary, Ann.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 46, No. SUPPL. 2, 11.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Frye, Victoria ; Latka, Mary H. ; Wu, Yingfeng ; Valverde, Eduardo E. ; Knowlton, Amy R. ; Knight, Kelly R. ; Arnsten, Julia H. ; O'Leary, Ann. / Intimate partner violence perpetration against main female partners among HIV-positive male injection drug users. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2007 ; Vol. 46, No. SUPPL. 2.
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