Intimate partner violence perpetration against main female partners among HIV-positive male injection drug users

Victoria Frye, Mary H. Latka, Yingfeng Wu, Eduardo E. Valverde, Amy R. Knowlton, Kelly R. Knight, Julia H. Arnsten, Ann O'Leary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women is a serious public health and social problem and is associated with a host of adverse health outcomes and behaviors, HIV risk behaviors included, among women who are victimized. Historically, research has focused on correlates of IPV victimization among women; thus, there is less information on the role of men in perpetrating IPV, particularly among men at risk for transmitting HIV to their female partners. We assessed the self-reported prevalence and correlates of perpetration and threat of perpetration of physical and/or sexual IPV against a main female partner among 317 HIV-positive men who were current injection drug users (IDUs). More than 40% of men reported perpetrating physical (39%) and/or sexual (4%) violence against their main female partners in the past year. Multivariate analyses revealed that low education, homelessness, psychologic distress, and unprotected sex with main and nonmain HIV-negative female partners were positively associated with IPV perpetration against main female partners. These findings reveal that IPV perpetration is prevalent among HIV-positive male IDUs and associated with sexual HIV transmission risk behaviors. IPV assessment and treatment among HIV-positive men in HIV care is recommended as a way to prevent IPV perpetration and victimization and to reduce potential HIV transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S101-S109
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume46
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Domestic violence
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Injection drug use
  • Sexual HIV risk behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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